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S.S.: L1-4 Topic 2 Early Empires
Terms in this set (21)
Which people created the worlds first empire?
Sumer is important in world history because it was?
The worlds first civilization
What led to the conquest of Sumer?
Frequent fighting among the city-states
What did Sumerian sculptors create that was different from earlier sculptures?
Realistic statues of humans
Tell two things that are true about the Epic of Gilgamesh.
Written in cuneiform, a myth about a hero named Gilgamesh.
What name do geographers give to a region of rich soil that stretches between the Persian Gulf and the Mediterranean Sea?
The Fertile Crescent
Why were the Assyrians so successful in defeating armies that opposed them?
They fought with iron weapons
Which culture showed the least tolerance for the rights of the other peoples within its empire?
How did the tribute the Assyrians collected from the conquered peoples make their empire stronger?
Built a stronger army
What city became the center of Hammurabi's Mesopotamian empire?
What ruler created a set of written laws to help him rule his empire?
The official religion of the Persian empire was Zoroastrianism, what does it mean?
The universe is in a struggle between good and evil.
What pattern did the laws of Hammurabi's code follow?
Offense and punishment
Tell two reasons why the Great Royal Road was so important.
Trade goods and tribute traveled on this road.
How did Cyrus the Great's treatment of the Jews of Jerusalem differ from that of the Neo-Babylonians?
Cyrus the Great let the Jews return to Jerusalem, while the Neo-Babylonians forced them into exile.
The Phoenician alphabet was based on?
Sounds on each symbol
Which empire covered the largest amount of territory?
The Persian empire
Which culture showed the greatest respect for the customs and rights os other peoples within its empire?
How did the Phoenicians' willingness to travel far for trade eventually lead to the spread of their civilization?
They were driven to find precious metals and trade. They sheltered harbors along the Mediterranean coast. At first, these places served as trading stations which then became colonies. When they were under attack, they moved to the colonies.
Why were there fewer revolts in the Persian's empire than in most of the regions earlier empires?
The Persians allowed other people more freedom than earlier empires did.
Describe the Sumerian art form of cylinder seals.
Long square shape with writing on it.
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