Terms in this set (40)
what is the largest religion?
what is christianity's holy book?
what does islam mean?
submission to the will of God
what is Islam's holy book?
who are the followers of Islam?
what are the branches of Islam?
Sunni and Shiite/Shia
what does Sunni mean?
people following tradition of Muhammad
what does Shiite mean?
what are the five pilars of Islam?
Declaration of faith-there is no god but Allah and Muhammad is his prophet
Prayer 5 times a day facing Mecca
Fasting during Ramadan
Pilgrimage to Mecca
how did Islam diffuse?
west via conquest and east via trade
what country has the largest Muslim population?
what is the third largest universal religion?
where is it located?
east and south east asia
who became the first buddha? (the teachings are based on him)
where was buddhism founded?
northern India (modern day Nepal)
explain the 4 Noble Truths
1. all living beings must endure suffering.
2. suffering is caused by desire to live, leads to reincarnation.
3. goal is to escape reincarnation and reach nirvana
4. nirvana is reached through the 8 Fold Path.
what is nirvana?
mental and moral self-purification
what is the 8 fold path?
right belief, right resolve, right speech, right action, right livelihood, right effort, right thought , right meditation
what are the branches of buddhism?
Theravada, Mahayana, Vajrayana
what does mahayana mean?
the great boat
what does theravada mean?
the way of the elders
how was buddhism diffused?
it was diffused via trade into china and east asia
appeals to group of people from a certain place
what is the largest ethnic religion?
how much of India is hindu?
what is hinduism?
monastic (mix of monotheism and polytheism)
who is most worshiped in hinduism?
who is second most worshiped in hinduism?
where and where did hinduism originate?
dates to at least 2500 BCE from northern India/eastern Pakistan (Indus River Valley)
what is the 1st likely monotheistic religion?
how did judaism start?
Abraham's covenant with Yahwen
what is judaism's holy book?
how did judaism diffuse?
diffused across Roman Empire due to Roman diaspora
where did jews have to live?
what were ghettos?
areas set up by law to be inhabited only by jewish people
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