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Arts and Humanities
History Part 6
Terms in this set (26)
Geography of Greece
It is a Peninsula. Grees has rocky rugged mountainous terrain. The Mediterranean Sea is on the south. The Ionian Seais in the west and the Agean Seais in the east
The first true Greeks who spoke Greek; they lived on the mainland
And advanced society. Their civilization may have ended because of a volcano. They lived on Crete, and Island.
The Greek word for city state
A marketplace; goods were sold and bought here; political and religious meetings were held here
Citizens elect officials to represent them in government. These elected officials meet to make the country's laws.
A government in which only a few people have power
It means rule of the people. Began in Athens
Stories about gods and heroes that explain how the world works historical, and natural events
How did Greeks influence our language?
Many English words and expressions come from Greek mythology
Trained from a young age to be soldiers.
7-12 values training
12-18 physical training
18-20 physical training
20-30 military training
30 full citizenship
60 retire from the Army
The difference between boys from Sparta and boys from Athens
1. Sparta valued military while Athens valued education
2. Sparta has tougher physical training while Athens has more education and have more round and lives
Between two city states, Sparta and Athens. It started because Athens was too controlling; Sparta one and that was bad ; it threatened to tear Greece apart
Phillip of Macedonia
A Macedonian king; he was a brilliant military leader who defeated the Greeks. Alexander the great was his son. He defeated the Greeks easily because they did not unite to fight.
Alexander the great
A Macedonian ruler; one of the greatest military leaders in history. Son of Philip of Macedonia. He spread Greek culture creating Hellenistic culture; he created a vast empire. He died in Babylon at age 33 because of a sickness on his way home
A famous Greek temple in Athens built for Athena bye Pericles
Two major mountain ranges of Italy
The Alps and Apennines
Romulus and Remus
Legendary figures in Roman history, Romulus build a city that eventually became around. They were twins raised by walls. Remus was killed by Romulus. They are descendents of Aeneas
Romes public meeting place; located in the center of the room between two pills; it is the center of life in Rome.
Caesars adopted son later called Augustus; he and Marc Antony avenged Caesar's death
Caesars former assistant; he avenged Caesar's death with Octavian; he divorced Octavian sister and married Cleopatra. Ruled with Octavian for a little while
Why were Roman roads built?
So the Roman army could travel quickly and efficiently through the Roman empire
A mixture of volcanic dust and limestone; Made Rome's structures last longer
Occupation of Judea
The Romans expelled the Jews from Judea. This caused Jews to rebel against Roman rule
A general from Carthage one of the greatest generals ever; he invaded from directly because Rome and Carthage were fighting over Sicily
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