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61 terms

Bones of Leg and Foot

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Calcaneus
Heel bone
Os Trigonum
Protruding bone between the calcaneus and the talus
Talus
Ankle bone
Cuboid
Square shaped bone on the outer side of the foot. Between the Calcaneus and the metatarsals
Navicular
Near Cuboid, connect ankle joint and phalanges together
Medial Cuneiform
Bone which attaches to the first metatarsal and the navicular
Intermediate Cuneiform
Bone which attaches to the second metatarsal and the navicular
Lateral Cuneiform
Bone which attaches to the third metatarsal and the navicular and appears to have the cuboid on its right.
Proximal Phalange 1
Big toe bone, closest to the metatarsals
Proximal Phalange 2
2nd toe bone, closest to the metatarsals
Proximal Phalange 3
Middle toe bone, closest to the metatarsals
Proximal Phalange 4
4th toe bone, closest to the metatarsals
Proximal Phalange 5
Pinky toe bone, closest to the metatarsals
Medial Phalange 2
2nd toe bone, between the proximal and distal bones
Medial Phalange 3
3rd toe bone, between the proximal and distal bones
Medial Phalange 4
4th toe bone, between the proximal and distal bones
Medial Phalange 5
5th toe bone, between the proximal and distal bones
Distal Phalange 1
Big toe bone at the end of the toe
Distal Phalange 2
2nd toe bone at the end of the toe
Distal Phalange 3
3rd toe bone at the end of the toe
Distal Phalange 4
4th toe bone at the end of the toe
Distal Phalange 5
5th toe bone at the end of the toe
Morton Short Toe
when the first metatarsal is shorter than the 2nd metatarsal. Causes shift from the ideal weight-bearing patterns by literally shifting the weight. This is particularly true in releve and pointe work.
Hallux Valgus
Misalignment of the first toe. In this condition, the two phalanges of the first toe angle off to the lateral side of the foot. This can result from wearing shoes that are too narrow at the time when the bones of the foot are ossifying.
Tibia
1 of 2 bones of the lower leg. This bone is the larger of the two bones and is the primary weight-bearing bone of the lower leg.
Fibia
1 of 2 bones of the lower leg. This bone has no role in weight bearing and nothing to do with the knee.
Anterior border of the Tibia
Shin
Posterior surface of the Tibia
Back side of the tibia
Lateral Malleolus
End of the Fibula which is located close to the ankle, on the outside of the leg.
Medial Malleolus
End of the Tibia that is located close to the ankle, on the inside of her leg.
Inferior articular surface of tibia
End of the Tibia which connects to the ankle joint
Medial Condyle
Top of the Tibia, on the outside of the leg
Lateral Condyle
Top of the tibia, on the inside of the leg, above the fibula
Intercondylar Eminence
Small protrusion on the top of the tibia
Head of the Fibula
Top of the fibula, close to the knee
Superior articular surface of medial condyle
Top of the tibia which connects to the femur and knee joint
Femur
Longest bone of the body, Thigh bone, main place for growth to occur
Patellar surface
Arch on the inside of the bottom of the femur, connecting point to the knee and patella
Lateral Condyle
End of the femur, outside of the knee
Medial Epicondyle
Towards the middle, protrusion of the femur on the bottom near the knee
Intercondylar fossa or notch
Curve in the middle of the femur, place where many ligaments are held
Lateral Epicondyle
notch on the inside of the knee
Linea aspera
back of the femur where many muscles attach to the bone
Greater Trochanter
Large notch on the top of the femur
Lesser Trochanter
Small notch near the top of the femur
Neck
narrow top part of the femur, which is the holding place for the head of the bone
Head
Top of the femur that allows the "ball and socket" idea of the legs to rotate
Fovea Capitis
Notch on the top of the head of the femur
Lateral Collateral Ligament
Ligament on the inside of the leg, but on the outside of the knee
Medial collateral ligament
Ligament on the outside of the leg, but on the inside of the knee
Lateral meniscus
soft cushion like substance on the inside of the leg, outside of the knee joint
Medial Meniscus
Soft cushion like substance on the outside of the leg, inside of the knee joint
Posterior Cruciate
Ligament that crosses on the inside of the leg
Anterior Cruciate Ligament
Ligament that crosses in front of the Posterior cruiciate, inside of the leg
Oblique popliteal ligament
Ligament on the inside of the knee
ARcuate popliteal ligament
small ligament on the inside of the knee
Osgood- Schlatter disease
inflammation and irritation of the tibial tuberosity
Knocked Knees
Medial condyle is taller than the lateral condyle. Dancers with this condition find it impossible to stand with feet touching in parallel without overlapping knees or hyperextending knee
Bowlegs
Lateral condyle is taller than medial condyle
Chondromalacia of the Patella
The cartilage under your kneecap (patella) is a natural shock absorber. Overuse, injury or other factors may lead to it- a general term indicating damage to the cartilage under your kneecap.
Tibial Torshion
Tibia bows or twists to one side