78 terms

Music Terms

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accent
play the note with stress (stronger)
accidentals
chromatic signs that are not in the key signature; affects only that line or space until the end of the measure
accompaniment
musical background for a more important part
allegro
fast and lively
andante
slow walking tempo
ascending
going up
a tempo
return to the original tempo
bar line
divides the music into measures
bass clef
sign on the staff that marks F below middle C
cadence
series of chords which closes a composition, section, or phrase
chord
3 or more tones played together
chord progression
series of related chords
chromatic signs
signs which change pitch
chromatic scale
scale of all half steps
common time
time signature of 4/4
common tone
note shared by 2 chords
contrary motion
moving in opposite directions
crescendo (cresc.)
gradually louder
da capo al fine
go back to the beginning and play again. stop at "Fine"
decrescendo (decresc.)
gradually softer
descending
going down
dominant
5th scale degree
dominant triad
triad built on 5th scale degree
double bar line
special bar line that marks the end of a section
duet
music for two performers
dynamics
markings that indicate loudness or softness
ending bar
special bar line that marks the end of the composition
enharmonic
2 names for the same pitch, such as C# and D♭
fermata
hold the note longer than its written value
first and second ending
play through the first ending, then play again using the 2nd ending instead
flat
lower the note 1/2 step
forte
loud
fortissimo
very loud
harmony
a combination of musical tones sounding together
interval
distance between 2 notes
key signature
chromatic signs at the beginning of each line of music. tells us the key of the composition, and which notes to sharp or flat
legato
smooth and connected
leger line
short added lines used to write notes above or below the staff
loco
cancel the octave sign and play the notes where they're written
measure
space between bar lines
melody
the tune (opposite of accompaniment)
mezzo forte
medium loud
mezzo piano
medium soft
moderato
moderate tempo
natural
cancels other chromatic signs
octave higher
play the notes eight letter names higher
octave lower
play the notes eight letter names lower
parallel motion
moving in the same direction
phrase mark (slur)
a curved line that means play legato
piano
soft
pianissimo
very soft
pick up (upbeat)
an incomplete measure before the first bar line
primary triads
triads built on the 1st, 4th, and 5th scale degree
repeat the section
play the music between the signs again
repeat sign
play the music again from the beginning
ritardando (rit.)
gradually slower
root
bottom note of a triad
root position triad
a triad with the root on the bottom
scale
series of tones with a set pattern of half and whole steps
scale degree
numbers given to notes of a scale (in ascending order)
sforzando
sudden loud accent on a single note or chord
sharp
raise the note 1/2 step
slur (phrase mark)
a curved line that means play legato
solo
music for one performer
staccato
short and detached
subdominant
4th scale degree
subdominant triad
triad built on the 4th scale degree
tempo
the speed or pace of the music
tie
a curved line connecting 2 notes of the same pitch. play only the 1st note, hold for count of both
tonic
1st scale degree
tonic triad
triad built on the 1st scale degree
transpose
write or play the same music in another key
treble clef (G clef)
sign on staff that marks G above Middle C
triad
a chord of 3 notes, each a third apart
triad quality
difference in sound of triads
triplet
3 notes in the time normally used by 2
upbeat (pick up)
incomplete measure before the 1st bar line
voice (of a chord)
position of a note in a chord, such as top or bottom