History Chpt 16 Honors Test Review
Terms in this set (43)
to prevent entry or exit from a port
Slave states that remained in the Union but did not participate in the fighting
A series of attacks
Steel plated ship
A soldier wounded or killed in battle
Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson
Confederate General killed at Chancellorsville by friendly fire
First commander of the Army of the Potomac
Army of the Potomac
Main Union Army that fought the Confederates in the East
Army of Northern Virginia
Main Confederate Army that fought the Union in the East
Confederate ships that smuggled goods into and out of the Confederacy through the Union blockade
Robert E. Lee
Commanding General of the Army of Northern Virginia for most of the Civil War.
To set free
Right to be indicted by a Grand Jury
When prices rise faster than the rate of the dollar
Mandatory service in the military
Union nurse and founder of the National Red Cross Organization
Confederate spy during the Civil War
The destruction of any assets that can be used by the enemy
Commander of the Army of the Potomac during the Battle of Gettysburg
Infantry attack at Gettysburg that resulted in horrendous casualties for the South
Ulysses S. Grant
Union General who defeated the Confederacy at Shiloh, Vicksburg, and accepted Lee's surrender at Appomattox Courthouse
To surround the enemy with a sustained attack and prevent re-supply or escape
William Tecumseh Sherman
Union General who led a campaign from Tennessee to Georgia coast using total war tactics.
Location of Lee's surrender to Grant on Easter Sunday 1865
John Wilkes Booth
Assassin of Abraham Lincoln
(Major Battle) First Battle of Bull Run
-First battle of the war which suggested the war would be long and bloody
(Major Battle) Shiloh
-Battle that gave the Union control of the upper Mississippi River
(Major Battle) Antietam
-stopped Lee's first invasion of the North and allowed Lincoln to issue the Emancipation Proclamation
(Major Battle) Chancellorsville
-Battle in which Stonewall Jackson was killed by friendly fire
(Major Battle) Gettysburg
-Lee was defeated in his second invasion of the north which became the turning point of the Civil War
-Bloodiest battle of the war
(Major Battle) Vicksburg
-Battle gave the Union total control of the Mississippi River and split the Confederacy in two.
(Major Battle) Sherman's March to the Sea Campaign
-campaign to destroy everything the South could use to continue fighting and also too further split the confederacy into smaller parts
(Major Battle) Petersburg
-Loss of Petersburg convinced Lee to surrender to Grant at Appomattox Courthouse
What were the advantages that the North had at the beginning of the war?
What were the advantage that the South had at the beginning of the war?
-fighting on own terrain
What was the North's strategy to win the Civil War?
The Anaconda Plan
-Blockade the Confederacy
-Capture Mississippi River/split Confederacy
What was the South's strategy to win the Civil War?
-Fight a defensive war on Southern soil close to supplies
-Gain recognition and assistance from England
What was the Emancipation Proclamation?
-Presidential statement taking effect January 1, 1863 that freed slaves in territory not currently under Union control
-Issued to give the war a moral cause and increase enlistment
How was the Emancipation Proclamation connected to the Battle of Antietam?
Antietam provided the victory Lincoln needed to legitimize the Proclamation
What were the roles of the Northern African Americans portrayed during the Civil War?
Many freed blacks found work in Northern cities and many fought as soldiers in all Black regiments
What were the roles of the Southern African Americans portrayed during the Civil War?
Provided mostly manual labor for the Confederacy and served as soldiers later in the war
What were the various roles women portrayed during the Civil War?
spies, nurses, ran farms, ran businesses and households in the absence of the men.
Essay - What were the results of the Civil War?
-625,000 American deaths
-Devastated Southern economy and physical destruction of Southern farms and cities
-Migration of freed blacks to northern cities
-3 amendments which...
~Ended slavery (13th)
~Granted blacks citizenship (14th)
~protected voting rights for all Male Americans (15th)
-Republican control of the reconstruction of the South