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Ch 7 Joint Classification

Definition of terms for the classification of joints based on their structure and their functions.
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Articulation
Point where two bones meet
Arthrology
the study of joints or articulations
Kinesiology
study of human movement
Fibrous Joints
An articulation in which the bones are joined together by dense fibrous connective tissue, lack a joint cavity, and almost no motion is possible. Types are sutures, syndesmosis, and gomphoses.
Cartilaginous Joints
the articulating bones are united by cartilage, they lack joint cavity and not highly movable. 2 types of cartilaginous joints are synchondrosis and symphysis
Synovial Joints
joints that are held together by a joint capsule and ligaments and are most associated with movement in the body
Synarthrosis
an immovable joint
Amphiarthrosis
joint with little movement
Diarthrosis
A freely movable joint