10 terms

Chapter 6 ~ Common Mental Health Diseases

Ch. 6 - The Nervous System and Mental Health
anorexia nervosa
behavioral eating disorder characterized by a low self-image that leads to an intensive fear of gaining weight, causing excessive weight loss and malnutrition
anxiety disorder
emotional instability caused by apprehension and mental tension over the anticipation of real or imagined events
attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
learning disorder caused by the failure to focus attention for a given period of time due to abnormally high energy and impulsiveness; a similar condition that prevents the individual from focusing attention for more than a few minutes but does not include hyperactivity is called attention deficit disorder
bipolar disorder
mental disorder in which the patient experiences episodes of extreme changes in mood and energy, ranging from severe depression to mania
bulimia nervosa
behavioral eating disorder that involves uncontrolled eating, or binging, and self-induced vomiting, or purging
clinical depression
mental disorder characterized by overwhelming feelings of sadness and despair, often accompanied by reduced energy and avoidance of social contacts
obsessive-compulsive disorder
mental disorder that involves an uncontrollable need to perform certain motor-skill tasks, repetitive behaviors, or rituals, such as hand washing
emotional disorder characterized by an intense, irrational fear of an object, environment, or experience; the particular fear is identifief by adding the suffic "-phobia" to the feared item, environment, or experience--such as "arachnophobia", the fear of spiders
post-traumatic stress disorder
emotional disorder characterized by extreme fear and anxiety that results from a traumatic experience, such as a bomb explosion or automobile accident
a group of psychotic disorders that include that inability to distinguish reality from nonreality, disturbances of language, social withdrawal, and fragmentation of cognitive functions