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our coworker John reports that he is feeling nauseous, and has a skin rash. You know that he and another coworker, Ramon, have been exposed to formaldehyde that day, but Ramon has no symptoms. What could be a possible reason for this?
a.John is exaggerating his symptoms.
b.John is more sensitive to formaldehyde than Ramon is.
c.Ramon does not want to admit that he has symptoms.
d.Ramon's symptoms will show up later.
You notice there is a mistake on the description someone has written for a substance that contains formaldehyde. It says, "Formaldehyde is non-toxic." What should it state instead?
a.Formaldehyde is colorless and odorless at all concentrations.
b.Formaldehyde is a nonreactive material.
c.Formaldehyde is fatal at all concentrations.
d.Formaldehyde is a human carcinogen.
Which of the following statements are true about recognizing formaldehyde in the workplace? Select all that apply and then click DONE.
1. In large doses, you can recognize formaldehyde by its irritant smell.
2.Smaller doses that are prevalent in everyday products are not as noticeable.
3. Formaldehyde gas is visible because it is slightly green in color.
4.Formaldehyde is detectable in small doses by a sweet smell.
Formaldehyde is used in which of the following products? Select all that apply and then click DONE.
Which of the following are characteristics of formaldehyde? Select all that apply and then click DONE.
2. Colorless gas
4.Vaporizes at room temperature
What are possible symptoms of exposure to formaldehyde? Select all that apply and then click DONE.
2.Coughing and wheezing
Which of the following statements are true about symptoms of exposure to formaldehyde? Select all that apply and then click DONE.
1.Some people are more sensitive to formaldehyde than others.
2.A level that causes irritation to one person may have no effect on another person.
3.Over a period of time, you could also become more sensitive to formaldehyde.
4.Everyone experiences exposure to formaldehyde in the same way.
Which statement is true about long-term exposure to low levels of formaldehyde? Select the correct answer and then click DONE.
a.Scientific testing has shown that formaldehyde is not a human carcinogen.
b.Long-term exposure to low levels of formaldehyde may cause respiratory difficulty, eczema, and sensitization.
c.Long-term exposure can only result in daily headaches that subside as the day goes on.
d. Long-term exposure to low doses does not present a health hazard.
Which of the following statements are true about exposure to formaldehyde? Select all that apply and then click DONE.
1.Formaldehyde is classified as a human carcinogen.
2.Exposure to formaldehyde at concentrations of 100 ppm is immediately dangerous to life and health.
3.There are no known health hazards due to exposure to formaldehyde.
4.Some people are more sensitive to formaldehyde than others.
Which everyday products contain formaldehyde? Select all that apply and then click DONE.
We are exposed to products containing __________ of formaldehyde every day. Select the correct answer and then click DONE.
The concentration level of formaldehyde is stated in __________.
b.Parts per million (ppm)
d.Pounds per square inch (psi)
You have just installed new equipment and had an increase in production levels at your workplace. What needs to happen first to ensure workers are not exposed to greater levels of formaldehyde than usual?
a.Increase the use and scope of personal protective equipment
b.Alter engineering controls on the new machinery
c.Schedule a safety meeting
d.Perform air monitoring
Which of the following statements are true about airborne concentrations of formaldehyde? Select the correct answer and then click DONE.
a.Formaldehyde is a solid and does not become airborne.
b.Formaldehyde can only exist at 1ppm in the air.
c.Airborne concentrations of formaldehyde are not a workplace concern.
d.Airborne concentrations of formaldehyde are a primary concern since it vaporizes to a gas at room temperature.
At what airborne concentration level do product or presence labeling requirements go into effect? Select the correct answer and then click DONE.
a. 0.1 parts per million
b. 0.2 parts per million
c.0.3 parts per million
d.0.4 parts per million
What actions are required when the airborne concentration level of formaldehyde reaches the action level? Select all that apply and then click DONE.
1.The area must be labeled with signs or placards.
2.The work area must be evacuated.
3.A respirator must be worn.
4.Employees are enrolled in a medical surveillance program.
Which of the following statements are true about the Permissible Exposure Level? Select all that apply and then click DONE.
1. The Permissible Exposure Level can be exceeded without the use of respirators.
2.The PEL is 0.75 ppm over an eight-hour TWA.
3.The PEL cannot be exceeded without the use of PPE, including respirators.
4.The PEL is 7.5 ppm over an eight-hour TWA.
Written notification of exposure levels must be made within how many days after the results are received? Select the correct answer and then click DONE.
c. 20 days
What must occur when the concentration of formaldehyde exceeds the TWA or STEL in an area? Select all that apply and then click DONE.
1.The area must be regulated
2.Access is limited to authorized personnel
3.Warning signs will state the danger
4.There are no actions that must be done at the TWA or STEL
Which of the following statements are true about the Short-Term Exposure Level? Select all that apply and then click DONE.
1.Two parts per million over a fifteen-minute period is the STEL
2.An intense exposure for a short period of time may have a different biological effect than long-term exposure
3.There is no established STEL for formaldehyde
4.There is no safe STEL for formaldehyde
When should air monitoring be conducted? Select all that apply and then click DONE.
1.When there is a change in production
2.When there is a change in equipment
When there is a change in process
4.At least once each year
You have been placed in charge of determining engineering controls for a production process generating formaldehyde that will cover a large area.. Which is the best answer for the type of ventilation you should use to protect employees in this large work area, and why?
a. Local exhaust, because it specifically directs contaminant flow away from key employees.
b.Local exhaust, because it benefits the entire population of workers.
c.General ventilation, because it reaches a larger general area.
d.General ventilation, because it eliminates higher concentrations of vapor.
Your co-worker insists that he doesn't need to wear protective gloves while working with products that contain formaldehyde. Is he correct, or incorrect?
a.He is correct. Formaldehyde can only be inhaled as an airborne contaminate. He does not need to wear protective gloves.
b.He is correct. Formaldehyde can only be inhaled as an airborne contaminate or ingested. He does not need to wear protective gloves.
c.He is incorrect. Formaldehyde can enter the body by a number of ways, including absorption into the skin. He needs to wear protective gloves.
d.He is incorrect. Although formaldehyde can only enter the body through a cut in the skin, he needs to wear protective gloves because it's impossible to predict when an injury like that might occur.
Which of the following statements are true about engineering controls? Select all that apply and then click DONE.
1.Engineering controls are used to reduce the level of exposure to formaldehyde.
2.Engineering controls may include making modifications to work processes.
3.Engineering controls are the only feasible method of protection from formaldehyde exposure.
4.Engineering controls are usually too expensive to implement.
What is the primary means of reducing exposure to airborne formaldehyde? Select the correct answer and then click DONE.
b.Goggles and face shields
Which of the following are ways you can be exposed to formaldehyde? Select all that apply and then click DONE.
1.Inhaling airborne contaminates
2.Absorption into the skin
3.Ingestion into the digestive system
Personal protective equipment must be worn when working with liquids containing what amount of formaldehyde? Select the correct answer and then click DONE.
a.More than 10%
b.One percent or more
What types of PPE should be worn when a splash hazard exists? Select all that apply and then click DONE.
1. Safety glasses
When is a respirator worn? Select all that apply and then click DONE.
1. If airborne levels are higher than the permissible exposure level
2.While installing engineering or work practice controls
3.During maintenance activities
4.In emergency situations
What must be done before you can use a respirator on the job? Select all that apply and then click DONE.
1.A fit test must be performed.
2.A medical evaluation must be completed.
3.You must receive training in respiratory protection.
4.You must pass an oral exam.
How often should canisters be replaced if not equipped with NIOSH approved ESLI? Select all that apply and then click DONE.
1.Every 2 hours for atmospheres containing up to 75 parts per million
2.Every 3 hours for atmospheres containing up to 75 parts per million
3. Every 4 hours for atmospheres containing up to 7.5 parts per million
4.Every 5 hours for atmospheres containing up to 7.5 parts per million
Which of the following statements are true about protective gloves and clothing? Select all that apply and then click DONE.
1.Inspect all gloves and clothing to make sure there are no rips, tears, or other defect that would allow formaldehyde to penetrate the material.
2.Disposable clothing must be properly disposed of after use.
3.Bring contaminated clothing home to clean it before your next shift.
4.Put contaminated reusable clothing in properly marked containers to be decontaminated by trained personnel.
When operations involve formaldehyde liquids and gas, you need to perform __________.
a.Annual medical inspections for exposure to formaldehyde
b.Monthly air quality inspections to check for airborne contaminants
c.Regular inspections to check for leaks and spills
d.Routine purges of all vessels and pipes
You are in charge of your work area, and you notice that a vessel used to store a formaldehyde containing substance is sitting next to some tanks of oxygen. What should you do?
a. Leave the formaldehyde, but make sure there is nothing flammable near the oxygen.
b.Move the formaldehyde away from the oxygen, because oxygen is a non-compatible substance.
c. Make sure there is proper labeling on both the oxygen container and the vessel containing the substance with formaldehyde.
d.Change the engineering controls so there is an increase in the general ventilation.
If you are exposed to levels of formaldehyde at or above 0.5 parts per million (the action level), you will be enrolled in a(n) __________ program.
d.Medical response training
Employees who have been exposed at or above the action level and are sensitized, or negatively affected by formaldehyde can enroll in the __________.
a. Medical Removal Protection Plan
b.Occupational Formaldehyde Protection Plan
d.Company-approved insurance plan
Another good work practice is to be familiar with your facility's __________.
a.Safety certification program
b.Health benefits program
c.Emergency response plan
d.Staff contact information
Which substances are unsafe for storage near formaldehyde? Select all that apply and then click DONE.
Who is allowed to contain and clean up spills of substances that contain formaldehyde? Select the correct answer and then click DONE.
a.Anyone who spills the substance
b.Anyone who notices a spilled substance
c.Only authorized personnel
d.The janitorial service contracted by your employer
What should you do if direct contact occurs to the eyes or skin? Select the correct answer and then click DONE.
a.Immediately dilute the substance for at least 15 minutes.
b.Put on chemical goggles.
c.Rub the eyes to remove any traces of formaldehyde.
d. Put ointment on the skin to suffocate the formaldehyde.
Where should contaminated waste and debris be placed? Select the correct answer and then click DONE.
a.In any trash can
b.In the dumpster
c.In the recycle bin
d.In a properly labeled, sealed container
When will your employer enroll you in a Medical Surveillance Program? Select all that apply and then click DONE.
1.You are exposed at or above the action level
2.You are exposed at or above the short-term exposure level
3.You develop signs and symptoms of exposure
4.You are exposed at any level
When should you report any adverse reactions to formaldehyde? Select the correct answer and then click DONE.
b.At the end of your shift
c.Only if the symptoms become unbearable
Which of the following statements are true about long-term exposure to formaldehyde? Select all that apply and then click DONE.
1.Exposure to formaldehyde over the PEL can irritate the eyes, nose, and throat.
2.You can rely on your sense of smell to know if you are exposed to formaldehyde over the PEL.
3.Long-term exposures to low limits can have negative health effects.
4. Long-term exposures to low limits are an ideal situation.
Which of the following may be a part of a Medical Surveillance Program? Select all that apply and then click DONE.
1.Medical examinations for employees who must wear respirators
3. Weekly therapy sessions
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