30 terms

Understanding global governance

global governance
since there isn't a world government, international law and institutions (MNCs, NGOs) take the place and deal with things that go beyond state borders, fostering cooperation for mutually beneficial outcomes.
intergovernmental organizations(IGO)
are bodies whose members include 3 or more states established by treaty and usually operate by consent with a permanent sectariat
Pieces of global governance
International structures and machanisms (formal/informal), IGOs, NGOs, International rules of laws, multilateral agreements, customary practice, judicial decisions, regulatory standards, international norms or "soft law", framework agreements, select UN resolutions, international regimes, ad hoc groups, arrangements, and global conferences, private and hybrid public private governance.
Types of IGOs
Global (UN, WHO, WTO), Regional (AESEAN, AU, EU), Subregional (ECOWAS, GCC)
Purpose of IGOs
general (OAS, UN), specialized (ILO, WHO, WTO)
IGO functions
informational, forum, normative (defining standards of behavior), rule creation, rule supervision(compliance w/ rules), adjudicating disputes,taking enforcement measures, operational: allocating resources, technical assistance & relief, deploying forces
Nongovernmental organization
A nonprofit association or group operating outside of government that advocates and pursues policy objectives.
sources of International rules and law
treaties or conventions, customary practice, the writings of legal scholars, judicial decisions, and
general principles of law
Soft law
creates no binding obligations or duties for corporations, if its contents are widely accepted as expressing international norms it can over time become the basis for interpreting treaties.
international regimes
the rules, norms, and procedures that are developed by states and international organizations out of their common concerns and are used to organize common activities
private governance
involves authoritative decisionmaking in areas where states have not acted, or have chosen not to exercise authority, or where states have themselves been ineffective in the exercise of authority
Actors in global governance
states, subnational and local jurisdictions, transnational and transgovernmental networks of actors, IGOs, NGOs, experts and epistemic communities, multistakeholders, multinational corporations
is there an increasing need for global governance?
yes, because of globalization
integration of national economies into the international economy, through trade, direct foreign investment (by corps. and multinationals)short term capital flows, international flows of workers and humanity generally, and flows of technology. has deepened global inequality
end of cold war
nations in western and eastern europe sought normal relations, communism fell from power in S.U, which broke up into seperate republics, warsaw pact disolved, NATO redefined its role.
emergent transnational civil society
a complex network of voluntary associations, economic groups, religious organizations, and many other kinds of groups that exist independent of government
contested nature of sovereignty
the acceleration of globalization, the rise of powerful nonstate actors, and the emergence of transnational civil society all undermine it
a foreign policy that encourages the involvement of several nation-states in coordinated action, usually in relation to a common adversary, with terms and conditions usually specified in a multicountry treaty, such as NATO. 3 or more states.
complex diplomacy
more states involved, more coalitions (coalition is a pact or treaty among individuals or groups, during which they cooperate in joint action, each in their own self-interest, joining forces together for a common cause), more complex and diverse than 19th cent.
how are decisions made?
one state, one vote decision making (all votes had to be unanimous) and consensus (most must agree and minority objections must be compromised/alleviated) no need for unanimity.
specifically in multilateral diplomacy this can come from diverse sources, through many different Actors.
Actor strategies
must build personal relationships between states, coalitions, face-to-face interactions
politics and effectiveness of global governance
reflects struggles over wealth, power, and knowledge. power relationships among states matter, but so do the resources and actions of nonstate actors.
the belief by an actor that a rule or institution ought to be obeyed. membership in the international community, whose system of multilateral, reciprocal interactions helps to validate its members, institutions and rules.
info about an orgs deliberation, decisions, and action needs to be made available to determine if govt representatives and IO officials are acting in the public's interest
Challenges of global governance
variety of intl policy problems and issues, need more pieces of governance rising w/ globalization, processes are complex, ongoing struggle to control who gets what, issues of legitimacy, accountability, and effectiveness, sovereignty.
the group of people comprising the government of a sovereign state
a group of people with a common culture living in a territory and having a strong sense of unity
A state whose territory corresponds to that occupied by a particular ethnicity that has been transformed into a nationality
international system
the set of relationships among the world's states, structured by certain rules and patterns of interaction