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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Osteoarthritis
  2. Strain on the abdominal muscles
  3. Osteochondritis (Osgood-Schlatter disease)
  4. components of chest drainage system
  5. chest drainage system
  1. a may be minimized by placing a pillow under the patient's head and a support under the patient's knees. The pillow also relieves neck strain, reduces the chance of aspiration in the nauseated patient, and allows the patient to observe his or her surroundings
  2. b closed system that returns negative pressure to the intra pleural space,used to remove abnormal accumulation of air & fluid from pleural space, contains 3 separate chambers;chest tubes are used to remove air, blood, or fluid from the pleural cavity. By draining fluid from the pleural cavity, a collapsed lung, or atelectasis, may be relieved. By relieving the pressure from air in the pleural cavity, a pneumothorax may be reduced
  3. c One component is a chamber that collects the draining fluid. Another component is the suction control chamber. A third component is the water seal chamber, which prevents air from the atmosphere from entering the system. The last component is the water seal venting chamber, which allows air to leave the system, thus preventing pressure buildup. In order for the unit to work properly, it must remain below the level of the chest
  4. d a painful incomplete separation of the tibial tuberosity from the tibial shaft. It is often seen in active adolescent boys
  5. e often seen in the elderly and is characterized by degeneration of articular cartilage in adjacent bones. The resulting rubbing of bone against bone results in pain and deterioration

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. extremely low blood pressure, that is, a systolic blood pressure reading lower than 60 mmHg (below 90 mmHg is considered low blood pressure).
  2. can be identified as extreme or moderate
  3. left posterior oblique (LPO) position with the right leg flexed up for insertion of the enema tip; , pt. is on left side w/left leg slightly flexed and the right leg sharply flexed upward; allows for exam of the anus and rectum
  4. ischemic necrosis leading to flattening of the femoral head
  5. semisitting position in which the head of the bead is raised to an angle of at least 45 degrees; Knees may be flexed or horizontal; uses: convenient for eating, reading, visiting, watching TV; relief from lying positions; to promote lung expansion for client with respiratory problem; To assist a client to a sitting position on the edge of the bed

5 True/False questions

  1. Moderate hypertensioncan cause damage to organs—the lungs, kidneys, brain, heart, etc. Various disease processes can produce hypertension as well as contributing factors such as medications, obesity, smoking, and stress

          

  2. Talipesdeficiency of vitamin D and usually is found affecting the growing bones of young children. The body's weight on the soft bones of the legs results in bowed and misshapen legs

          

  3. Trendelenburg positionposition is helpful in several radiographic procedures, such as separating redundant bowel loops and demonstration of hiatal hernias. It is also used in treating shock

          

  4. Orthopneaextremely low blood pressure, that is, a systolic blood pressure reading lower than 60 mmHg (below 90 mmHg is considered low blood pressure).

          

  5. Trendelenburg positionsemisitting position in which the head of the bead is raised to an angle of at least 45 degrees; Knees may be flexed or horizontal; uses: convenient for eating, reading, visiting, watching TV; relief from lying positions; to promote lung expansion for client with respiratory problem; To assist a client to a sitting position on the edge of the bed