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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Orthopnea
  2. High blood pressure
  3. components of chest drainage system
  4. Normal blood pressure
  5. Moderate hypertension
  1. a 110 to 140 mmHg systolic and 60 to 80 mmHg diastolic
  2. b One component is a chamber that collects the draining fluid. Another component is the suction control chamber. A third component is the water seal chamber, which prevents air from the atmosphere from entering the system. The last component is the water seal venting chamber, which allows air to leave the system, thus preventing pressure buildup. In order for the unit to work properly, it must remain below the level of the chest
  3. c can cause damage to organs—the lungs, kidneys, brain, heart, etc. Various disease processes can produce hypertension as well as contributing factors such as medications, obesity, smoking, and stress
  4. d respiratory condition in which the patient has difficulty breathing (dyspnea) in any position other than erect. The patient is usually comfortable in the erect, standing, or seated position
  5. e systolic pressure higher than 140 mmHg and diastolic pressure higher than 90 mmHg.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. ischemic necrosis leading to flattening of the femoral head
  2. adult condition in which new bone fails to calcify. It is a painful condition and can result in easily fractured bones, especially in the lower extremities
  3. deficiency of vitamin D and usually is found affecting the growing bones of young children. The body's weight on the soft bones of the legs results in bowed and misshapen legs
  4. extremely low blood pressure, that is, a systolic blood pressure reading lower than 60 mmHg (below 90 mmHg is considered low blood pressure).
  5. may be minimized by placing a pillow under the patient's head and a support under the patient's knees. The pillow also relieves neck strain, reduces the chance of aspiration in the nauseated patient, and allows the patient to observe his or her surroundings

5 True/False questions

  1. When transferring patients from stretcher to x-ray table, there are several rules that will reduce back strainOne component is a chamber that collects the draining fluid. Another component is the suction control chamber. A third component is the water seal chamber, which prevents air from the atmosphere from entering the system. The last component is the water seal venting chamber, which allows air to leave the system, thus preventing pressure buildup. In order for the unit to work properly, it must remain below the level of the chest

          

  2. Extreme hypertensioncan result in brain damage within just a few minutes

          

  3. Trendelenburg positionsemisitting position in which the head of the bead is raised to an angle of at least 45 degrees; Knees may be flexed or horizontal; uses: convenient for eating, reading, visiting, watching TV; relief from lying positions; to promote lung expansion for client with respiratory problem; To assist a client to a sitting position on the edge of the bed

          

  4. Fowler's positionsemisitting position in which the head of the bead is raised to an angle of at least 45 degrees; Knees may be flexed or horizontal; uses: convenient for eating, reading, visiting, watching TV; relief from lying positions; to promote lung expansion for client with respiratory problem; To assist a client to a sitting position on the edge of the bed

          

  5. Talipesany of a number of deformities of the foot, especially congenital clubfoot; talipes valgus, heel turned outward; talipes varus, heel turned inward; generally characterized by a deformed talus and a shortened Achilles tendon, giving the foot a clubfoot appearance