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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Muscular dystrophy
  2. Coxa plana (Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease)
  3. Trendelenburg position
  4. Sims' position
  5. Orthopnea
  1. a ischemic necrosis leading to flattening of the femoral head
  2. b a congenital disorder characterized by wasting of skeletal muscles
  3. c respiratory condition in which the patient has difficulty breathing (dyspnea) in any position other than erect. The patient is usually comfortable in the erect, standing, or seated position
  4. d position is helpful in several radiographic procedures, such as separating redundant bowel loops and demonstration of hiatal hernias. It is also used in treating shock
  5. e left posterior oblique (LPO) position with the right leg flexed up for insertion of the enema tip; , pt. is on left side w/left leg slightly flexed and the right leg sharply flexed upward; allows for exam of the anus and rectum

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. semisitting position in which the head of the bead is raised to an angle of at least 45 degrees; Knees may be flexed or horizontal; uses: convenient for eating, reading, visiting, watching TV; relief from lying positions; to promote lung expansion for client with respiratory problem; To assist a client to a sitting position on the edge of the bed
  2. adult condition in which new bone fails to calcify. It is a painful condition and can result in easily fractured bones, especially in the lower extremities
  3. may be minimized by placing a pillow under the patient's head and a support under the patient's knees. The pillow also relieves neck strain, reduces the chance of aspiration in the nauseated patient, and allows the patient to observe his or her surroundings
  4. deficiency of vitamin D and usually is found affecting the growing bones of young children. The body's weight on the soft bones of the legs results in bowed and misshapen legs
  5. a painful incomplete separation of the tibial tuberosity from the tibial shaft. It is often seen in active adolescent boys

5 True/False questions

  1. chest drainage systemOne component is a chamber that collects the draining fluid. Another component is the suction control chamber. A third component is the water seal chamber, which prevents air from the atmosphere from entering the system. The last component is the water seal venting chamber, which allows air to leave the system, thus preventing pressure buildup. In order for the unit to work properly, it must remain below the level of the chest

          

  2. High blood pressure110 to 140 mmHg systolic and 60 to 80 mmHg diastolic

          

  3. Shockextremely low blood pressure, that is, a systolic blood pressure reading lower than 60 mmHg (below 90 mmHg is considered low blood pressure).

          

  4. Extreme hypertensioncan result in brain damage within just a few minutes

          

  5. components of chest drainage systemOne component is a chamber that collects the draining fluid. Another component is the suction control chamber. A third component is the water seal chamber, which prevents air from the atmosphere from entering the system. The last component is the water seal venting chamber, which allows air to leave the system, thus preventing pressure buildup. In order for the unit to work properly, it must remain below the level of the chest