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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Moderate hypertension
  2. Trendelenburg position
  3. Osteoarthritis
  4. Shock
  5. Osteochondritis (Osgood-Schlatter disease)
  1. a extremely low blood pressure, that is, a systolic blood pressure reading lower than 60 mmHg (below 90 mmHg is considered low blood pressure).
  2. b often seen in the elderly and is characterized by degeneration of articular cartilage in adjacent bones. The resulting rubbing of bone against bone results in pain and deterioration
  3. c can cause damage to organs—the lungs, kidneys, brain, heart, etc. Various disease processes can produce hypertension as well as contributing factors such as medications, obesity, smoking, and stress
  4. d a painful incomplete separation of the tibial tuberosity from the tibial shaft. It is often seen in active adolescent boys
  5. e position is helpful in several radiographic procedures, such as separating redundant bowel loops and demonstration of hiatal hernias. It is also used in treating shock

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. semisitting position in which the head of the bead is raised to an angle of at least 45 degrees; Knees may be flexed or horizontal; uses: convenient for eating, reading, visiting, watching TV; relief from lying positions; to promote lung expansion for client with respiratory problem; To assist a client to a sitting position on the edge of the bed
  2. any of a number of deformities of the foot, especially congenital clubfoot; talipes valgus, heel turned outward; talipes varus, heel turned inward; generally characterized by a deformed talus and a shortened Achilles tendon, giving the foot a clubfoot appearance
  3. 110 to 140 mmHg systolic and 60 to 80 mmHg diastolic
  4. can result in brain damage within just a few minutes
  5. ischemic necrosis leading to flattening of the femoral head

5 True/False questions

  1. Sims' positionleft posterior oblique (LPO) position with the right leg flexed up for insertion of the enema tip; , pt. is on left side w/left leg slightly flexed and the right leg sharply flexed upward; allows for exam of the anus and rectum


  2. Trendelenburg positionthe body is laid flat on the back (supine position) with the feet higher than the head; causes the diaphragm to assume a higher position and can cause a patient to become short of breath


  3. Ricketsextremely low blood pressure, that is, a systolic blood pressure reading lower than 60 mmHg (below 90 mmHg is considered low blood pressure).


  4. Strain on the abdominal musclesmay be minimized by placing a pillow under the patient's head and a support under the patient's knees. The pillow also relieves neck strain, reduces the chance of aspiration in the nauseated patient, and allows the patient to observe his or her surroundings


  5. Osteomalaciaadult condition in which new bone fails to calcify. It is a painful condition and can result in easily fractured bones, especially in the lower extremities