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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Muscular dystrophy
  2. Extreme hypertension
  3. High blood pressure
  4. Trendelenburg position
  5. When transferring patients from stretcher to x-ray table, there are several rules that will reduce back strain
  1. a the body is laid flat on the back (supine position) with the feet higher than the head; causes the diaphragm to assume a higher position and can cause a patient to become short of breath
  2. b systolic pressure higher than 140 mmHg and diastolic pressure higher than 90 mmHg.
  3. c Pull, do not push, the patient; pushing increases friction and makes the transfer more difficult. Do not bend at the waist and pull; use your biceps for pulling the patient. Draw the patient as close to you as possible and then lift if necessary
  4. d a congenital disorder characterized by wasting of skeletal muscles
  5. e can result in brain damage within just a few minutes

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. deficiency of vitamin D and usually is found affecting the growing bones of young children. The body's weight on the soft bones of the legs results in bowed and misshapen legs
  2. left posterior oblique (LPO) position with the right leg flexed up for insertion of the enema tip; , pt. is on left side w/left leg slightly flexed and the right leg sharply flexed upward; allows for exam of the anus and rectum
  3. semisitting position in which the head of the bead is raised to an angle of at least 45 degrees; Knees may be flexed or horizontal; uses: convenient for eating, reading, visiting, watching TV; relief from lying positions; to promote lung expansion for client with respiratory problem; To assist a client to a sitting position on the edge of the bed
  4. ischemic necrosis leading to flattening of the femoral head
  5. One component is a chamber that collects the draining fluid. Another component is the suction control chamber. A third component is the water seal chamber, which prevents air from the atmosphere from entering the system. The last component is the water seal venting chamber, which allows air to leave the system, thus preventing pressure buildup. In order for the unit to work properly, it must remain below the level of the chest

5 True/False questions

  1. Moderate hypertensioncan cause damage to organs—the lungs, kidneys, brain, heart, etc. Various disease processes can produce hypertension as well as contributing factors such as medications, obesity, smoking, and stress

          

  2. Strain on the abdominal musclesmay be minimized by placing a pillow under the patient's head and a support under the patient's knees. The pillow also relieves neck strain, reduces the chance of aspiration in the nauseated patient, and allows the patient to observe his or her surroundings

          

  3. Hypertensioncan be identified as extreme or moderate

          

  4. Osteomalaciaadult condition in which new bone fails to calcify. It is a painful condition and can result in easily fractured bones, especially in the lower extremities

          

  5. chest drainage systemOne component is a chamber that collects the draining fluid. Another component is the suction control chamber. A third component is the water seal chamber, which prevents air from the atmosphere from entering the system. The last component is the water seal venting chamber, which allows air to leave the system, thus preventing pressure buildup. In order for the unit to work properly, it must remain below the level of the chest

          

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