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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Trendelenburg position
  2. Coxa plana (Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease)
  3. Moderate hypertension
  4. Osteochondritis (Osgood-Schlatter disease)
  5. Rickets
  1. a ischemic necrosis leading to flattening of the femoral head
  2. b can cause damage to organs—the lungs, kidneys, brain, heart, etc. Various disease processes can produce hypertension as well as contributing factors such as medications, obesity, smoking, and stress
  3. c a painful incomplete separation of the tibial tuberosity from the tibial shaft. It is often seen in active adolescent boys
  4. d the body is laid flat on the back (supine position) with the feet higher than the head; causes the diaphragm to assume a higher position and can cause a patient to become short of breath
  5. e deficiency of vitamin D and usually is found affecting the growing bones of young children. The body's weight on the soft bones of the legs results in bowed and misshapen legs

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. left posterior oblique (LPO) position with the right leg flexed up for insertion of the enema tip; , pt. is on left side w/left leg slightly flexed and the right leg sharply flexed upward; allows for exam of the anus and rectum
  2. semisitting position in which the head of the bead is raised to an angle of at least 45 degrees; Knees may be flexed or horizontal; uses: convenient for eating, reading, visiting, watching TV; relief from lying positions; to promote lung expansion for client with respiratory problem; To assist a client to a sitting position on the edge of the bed
  3. Pull, do not push, the patient; pushing increases friction and makes the transfer more difficult. Do not bend at the waist and pull; use your biceps for pulling the patient. Draw the patient as close to you as possible and then lift if necessary
  4. a congenital disorder characterized by wasting of skeletal muscles
  5. can result in brain damage within just a few minutes

5 True/False questions

  1. Orthopneaany of a number of deformities of the foot, especially congenital clubfoot; talipes valgus, heel turned outward; talipes varus, heel turned inward; generally characterized by a deformed talus and a shortened Achilles tendon, giving the foot a clubfoot appearance


  2. Osteomalaciarespiratory condition in which the patient has difficulty breathing (dyspnea) in any position other than erect. The patient is usually comfortable in the erect, standing, or seated position


  3. High blood pressuresystolic pressure higher than 140 mmHg and diastolic pressure higher than 90 mmHg.


  4. Strain on the abdominal musclesadult condition in which new bone fails to calcify. It is a painful condition and can result in easily fractured bones, especially in the lower extremities


  5. components of chest drainage systemclosed system that returns negative pressure to the intra pleural space,used to remove abnormal accumulation of air & fluid from pleural space, contains 3 separate chambers;chest tubes are used to remove air, blood, or fluid from the pleural cavity. By draining fluid from the pleural cavity, a collapsed lung, or atelectasis, may be relieved. By relieving the pressure from air in the pleural cavity, a pneumothorax may be reduced