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AP HUG 5.3
Terms in this set (15)
A regional variety of a language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation.
A subdivision of a dialect
The form of a language used for official government business, education, and mass communications.
The dialect of English associated with upper-class Britons living in London and now considered standard in the United Kingdom.
A boundary that separates regions in which different language usages predominate.
What are the three significant ways U.S. English differs from the English of England?
Vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation
People from all three eastern regions (New England, Southeastern, Midlands) migrated into the Midwest, Great Plains and Western United States. Why is there a relatively uniform form of English (dialect) spoken across this enormous area?
The migration and mobility of Americans allowed for a uniform dialect to spread across the country
What is the standard language for of English? What 3 cities did it come from? How was it diffused throughout Britain?
The Standard English language is British Received Pronunciation (BRP). It came from London, Cambridge, and Oxford. It spread through hierarchical diffusion in the upper-class of English society. Grammar books and dictionaries were printed using Received Pronunciation in 1476 when the printing press was introduced. these books quickly diffused throughout Britain.
Why is American English different from that spoken in England?
Why is it difficult to distinguish individual languages from dialects?
because people choose to believe that their languages are distinct, and won't connect their language to its family.
What were the tree invading groups from Northern Europe who settled in different parts of Britain?
the Angles (north), the Jutes (southeast), and the Saxons (southwest)
What are the four major dialect regions in the United States?
North: Puritans from East Anglia in southeastern England (dropping of the /r/ sound)
Midland: Diverse; Quakers, Scots, Irish, German, Dutch, and Swedish
South: 50% came from southeastern England
Dialect spoken by some African Americans
A language that results from the mixing of a colonizer's language with the indigenous language of the people being dominated.
Why do Governments standardize languages?
To promote the designation of a single dialect as the official or standard language in order to promote cultural unity
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