Like this study set? Create a free account to save it.

Sign up for an account

Already have a Quizlet account? .

Create an account

Thiamine (B1)

Precursor of PDH
Def: Beri Beri, Wernwicke's Encephalopathy

Riboflavin (B2)

Precursor of FADH
Def:Skin lesions

Niacin (B3)

Precursor of NADP and NAD

Pentothenic Acid (B5)

Precursor for CoA
Def: Rare


coenzyme in amino acid metabolism
Def: Rare

Biotin (b7)

Precursor in carboxylases
Def: Rare

Folic Acid (B9)

DNA synthesis
Def: Anemia

Cobalamine (B12)

DNA synthesis
Def: Megaloblastic Anemia


Deficiency: Osteomalacia, rickets
Excess: Tissue calcification


Def: Vomiting, decreased plasma volume
Excess: Hypertension


Def: Cardiac arrythmias, vomitting
Excess: Cardioplegia, renal failure


Retinal+opsin= Rhodopsin
B-Carotene important antioxidant
Found in plants
Retinoic acid regulates growth of cells (acne treatment)
Toxic: Hypervitaminosis A, congenital defects


Calcium homeostasis: Increase calcium in blood,
increase bone resorption,
increase calcium absorption from intestine,
increase calcium reabsorption from kiney


Free radical scavenger


Reducing agent
Free radical scavenger protects vit E and A
Coenzyme in hydroxylation reactions- collagen synthesis
Keeps Fe2+ reduced in gut allowing iron absorption


Blood clotting
Carboxyglutamate and calcium bridges
glutamate to carboxyglutamate

Water Soluble Vitamins

B, C

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again


Reload the page to try again!


Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

Voice Recording