Terms in this set (47)
a punctuation mark (:) indicating.
that a writer is introducing a quotation or a list of items. Or
that a writer is separating two clauses of which the second expands or illustrates the first.
a punctuation mark (;) indicating a pause, typically between two main clauses, that is more pronounced than that indicated by a comma.
a word, phrase, clause, or sentence to which another word (especially a following relative pronoun) refers.
A comma splice incorrectly joins two main clauses with a comma, like this: main clause + , + main clause = . A fused sentence has two main clauses joined with no punctuation at all, like this: main clause + Ø + main clause = .
run on sentences
run-on could mean either a long, rambling sentence, or fused sentences without the correct punctuation in between, as in this definition.
A SENTENCE FRAGMENT fails to be a sentence in the sense that it cannot stand by itself. It does not contain even one independent clause
parts of speech
There are eight parts of speech in the English language: noun, pronoun, verb, adjective, adverb, preposition, conjunction, and interjection. The part of speech indicates how the word functions in meaning as well as grammatically within the sentence.
punctuation of dialogue
When you have a quote that ends with a period and it has a sentence extension on it, you need to replace the period with a comma.In a regular quote, with no continuing or following sentence, use your standard punctuation.
a related series of incidents in a literary plot that build toward the point of greatest interest.
the part of a literary plot that occurs after the climax has been reached and the conflict has been resolved.
the most intense, exciting, or important point of something; a culmination or apex.
a comprehensive description and explanation of an idea or theory.
the literal or primary meaning of a word, in contrast to the feelings or ideas that the word suggests.
the occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words.
an idea or feeling that a word invokes in addition to its literal or primary meaning.
a separate introductory section of a literary or musical work.
a remark or passage by a character in a play that is intended to be heard by the audience but unheard by the other characters in the play.
an act of speaking one's thoughts aloud when by oneself or regardless of any hearers, especially by a character in a play.
a particular form of a language that is peculiar to a specific region or social group.
the attribution of a personal nature or human characteristics to something nonhuman, or the representation of an abstract quality in human form.
a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable.
an expression designed to call something to mind without mentioning it explicitly; an indirect or passing reference.
a figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind, used to make a description more emphatic or vivid (e.g., as brave as a lion, crazy like a fox ).
an adjective or descriptive phrase expressing a quality characteristic of the person or thing mentioned.
A long poem, typically one derived from ancient oral tradition, narrating the deeds and adventures of heroic or legendary figures or the history of a nation.
a speech or piece of writing that praises someone or something highly, typically someone who has just died.
a scene in a movie, novel, etc., set in a time earlier than the main story.
a literary technique, originally used in Greek tragedy, by which the full significance of a character's words or actions are clear to the audience or reader although unknown to the character.
be a warning or indication of (a future event).
a character that shows qualities that are in contrast with the qualities of another character with the objective to highlight the traits of the other character.
a literary or dramatic character who undergoes little or no inner change; a character who does not grow or develop.
a literary or dramatic character who undergoes an important inner change, as a change in personality or attitude: Ebeneezer Scrooge is a dynamic character.
A round character is extremely realistic, behaving and speaking in a "real life" manner. The character is complex and increases in complexity throughout the story.
a trope in which a speaker makes a statement in which its actual meaning differs sharply from the meaning that the words ostensibly express.
the use of irony to mock or convey contempt.
irony involving a situation in which actions have an effect that is opposite from what was intended
the problematic area of a novel or play
a plot device in which the audience's or reader's knowledge of events or individuals surpasses that of the characters. The words and actions of the characters therefore take on a different meaning for the audience or reader than they have for the play's characters.
excessive pride or self-confidence.
(especially of music) inducing or suggestive of a particular feeling or state of mind.
a moment of sudden revelation or insight.
the choice and use of words and phrases in speech or writing.
in medias res
into the middle of a narrative; without preamble.
an exclamatory passage in a speech or poem addressed to a person (typically one who is dead or absent) or thing (typically one that is personified).
an extended simile often running to several lines, used typically in epic poetry to intensify the heroic stature of the subject and to serve as decoration. An example from the Iliad follows:
The term extended metaphor refers to a comparison between two unlike things that continues throughout a series of sentences in a paragraph or lines in a poem. It is often comprised of more than one sentence and sometimes consists of a full paragraph.
visually descriptive or figurative language, especially in a literary work.
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