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21 terms

CHAPTER 8

STUDY
PLAY
State
an area organized into a political uint and ruled by an established government that has control over its internal and foreign affairs.
Sovereignty
independence from control of its internal affairs by other states
Micro-States
states with very small land area
City-States
a sovereign state that comprises a town and the surrounding countryside
Colony
a territory that is legally tied to a sovereign state rather than being completely independent.
Colonialism
the effort by one country to establish settlements and to impose its political, economic, and cultural principles on such territory
Imperialism
control of territory already occupied and organized by an indigenous society
Boundary
an invisible line marking the extent of a state's territory
Compact State
the distance from the center to any boundary does not vary significantly
Prorupted State
an otherwise compact state with a large projecting extension
Elongated State
states with a long and narrow shape
Fragmented State
includes several discontinuous pieces of territory
Perforated State
a state that completely surrounds another one
Landlocked State
lacks a direct outlet to the sea because it is completely surrounded by several other countries
Frontier
a zone where no state exercises complete political control
Unitary State
places most power in the hands of central government officials
Federal State
allocates strong power to units of local government within the country
Gerrymandering
the process of redrawing legislative boundaries for the purpose of benefiting the party in power
Terrorism
the systematic use of violence by a group in order to intimidate a population or coerce a government into granting its demands
Taliban
"students of Muslim religious schools"
Pan-Arab Nationalism
belief that several hundred million arabs living in the vast territory between North Africa and Central Asia should be joined together into one powerful nation-state