CLAR 245 Glossary Terms
Lesson 1 Reading Assignment
Terms in this set (93)
The uppermost portion of the capital of a column
An address or a speech; a representation of a Roman emperor addressing his troops
The ceremonial entry of an emperor into a city
A Greek marketplace
The area of a basilica to either side of the nave and separated from it by a row of columns
ala (pl. alae)
The area between the columns and the cella walls on the sides of a temple. Also, the pair of rectangular recesses at the back of the atrium of a Roman house
A "double theater" with an elliptical cave around a central arena for the staging of gladiatorial combats and other spectacles
Portrayed symbolically rather than represented
The changing room in a Roman bathing facility
The ascent to Heaven of a new god
A semicircular wall recess, often found at one or both ends of a basilica or at the end of a church nave
A series of arches supported by columns
A curved structural member that spans an opening, composed of trapezoidal voussoirs
Reviving the style of the Archaic Greek period of the sixth century B.C.
The lintel or lowest division of the entablature
arcosolium (pl. arcosolia)
An arcuated floor level recess in the burial chamber of a tomb designed to house a sarcophagus
The central sandy area in an amphitheater
argentarius (pl. argentarii)
atrium (pl. atria)
The central reception area of a Roman domus, partly open to the sky. In a Tuscan atrium, there are no columns supporting the roof. In a tetra style atrium, one column at each of the four corners of the impluvium supports the compluvium.
The uppermost story of a building; the top of a triumphal arch with the dedicatory inscription
An official of the imperial cult, usually a wealthy freedman
aureus (pl. aurei)
The standard Roman gold coin, which under Augustus weighed 1/40 of a pound
The domical canopy over an altar in a church
A small public or private bathing facility
A Christian bathing ceremony for a newborn child or a new convert to the religion
A term coined to describe the non-Classical art and architecture of 17th century Italy (the Baroque period). The adjective "baroque" is also used to describe the architectural style of many Roman buildings of the second and third centuries CE, especially in the Eastern provinces.
A semicylindrical ceiling over parallel walls. Also called a tunnel vault.
The molded bottom of a column
In Roman archtecture, a building for legal and other civic proceedings. In Early Christian architecture, a church resembling a Roman basilica in plan and elevation.
The arcuated passageway of a triumphal arch or city gate
A pavilion with a view of the countryside or the sea.
A two-horse chariot
A circular pendant worn on a cord around the neck; the emblem of a freeborn boy
An exterior masonry structure that opposes the lateral thrust of an arch or a vault. Also a verb.
The serpent-wentwined herald's rod carried by the Roman god Mercury
The hot-water room in a Roman bathing facility
A relief carved from a stone having layers of different colors
The ornamental top "head" of a column
The Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus on the Capitoline Hill in Rome. Also any Roman temple dedicated to the gods Jupiter, Juno, and Minerva
The main north0south street in a Roman city
A female figure used in place of a column in the Ionic order
A Roman military encampment
Subterranean networks of rock-cut galleries and chambers that served as cemeteries for the burial of the dead
The seating area in a theater or amphitheater
The inner chamber of a temple in which the deity's cult statue was displayed
An apartment in a multifamily insula
A funerary monument without a burial chamber
A small spatula used in encaustic painting
The entrance vestibule of a basilica
The arch separating the chancel (apse) or the transept from the nave of a church
An Etruscan death demon
The three initial letters of Christ's name in Greek, which came to serve as a monogram from Christ (XRI)
Imitating the Greek Classical style
The fenestrated part of a building that rises above the roofs of the other parts. In a basilica or Egyptian oecus, the clerestory is the second-story set of windows in the nave below the roof
A client in a patron-client relationship in Roman society
codex (pl. codices)
A book composed of separate folios of vellum or parchment bound together at one side
A sunken panel in a ceiling
A series or row of columns, usually spanned by lintels but sometimes by arches
A thin, attenuated column
A gigantic statue
A vertical, cylindrical weight-bearing architectural member, consisting of capital, short, and base
The opening in the roof of the atrium of a Roman domus
A capital combining Ionic volutes and Corinthian acanthus leaves
Concord or harmony, as between husband and wife or between co-rulers
A building material composed of lime mortar, volcanic sand, water, and small stones
An association of Christian families that pooled funds to purchase propert for burial
One of two chief magistrates, elected by the Roman Senate
The wide, flat band across the chest in late Roman togas
The depiction of the same figure in the same setting at different moments in an unfolding story
The disposition of the human figure in which one part is turned in opposition to another (usually hips and legs one way, shoulders and chest another), creating a counter positioning of the body about its central axis. Often called (weight shift because the weight of the body tends to be thrown to one foot, creating tension on one side and relaxation on the other. Characteristic of Classical Greek statuary.
Courses of stone or brick in which each course projects beyond the one beneath it. Two such walls, meeting at the topmost course, create a corbelled arch or corbelled vault. When the courses are lead in a circle, a corbelled dome is formed
An ornate Greek capital consisting of a double row of acanthus leaves, from which tendrils and flowers emerge, wrapped around a bell-shaped echinus. Although this capital form is often cited as the distinguishing feature of the Corinthian order, there is, strictly speaking, no Corinthian order, but only this kind of capital used in the Ionic order.
The projecting, crowning member of the entablature framing the pediment of a Greco-Roman temple
Horn of plenty
The civic crown of oak leaves awarded to a Roman who had saved the life of another Roman in battle
A horizontal row of stone blocks or of bricks
The burning of the bodies of the dad
Sitting rooms in a Roman domus, usually with views of the countryside or sea.
A small bedroom in a Roman domus, usually opening onto the atrium. Also, a chamber in a nEarly Christian catacomb that served as a mortuary chapel
Leather breastplate; body armor
The (usually over-life-size) statue placed in the cella, representing the deity to whom the temple is dedicated
An honorary title, meaning victor over the Dacians
The senatorial decree damning a person's memory. Those who suffered damnation memorize had their portraits deserted or defaced and their names erased from public monuments
having 10 columns. A decastyle temple has 10 columns on its facade.
A 10th anniversary.
The main east-west street in a Roman city.
The ritual circling of a funerary pyre
the standard Roman silver coin, worth 1/25 of an arueus
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