Terms in this set (70)
League of Nations
it was not effective in keeping peace. One problem it had was that the U.S. did not join because it did not want to be involved in European affairs.
The first problem was the series of downturn in the economies of nations in the second half of the 1920s. Prices for farm products, especially wheat fell rapidly due to overproduction. The second factor that triggered the depression wans an international financial crisis involving the U.S. stock market. the Germans needed the U.S. loans to pay reparations. When the stock market boomed the Americans pulled out money out of Germany and the stock crashed
In August 1924 an international commission produced a new plan for reparations. Reduced reparations and coordinated Germany's annual pay with its ability to pay. It also granted a 200 million loan for German recovery. It opened the door to heavy American investment in Europe
1928 63 nations signed the treaty saying that war was an instrument of national policy
Franklin believing in free enterprise, believed that capitalism had to be reformed in order to save it. He pursued a policy of active government intervention in the economy. it included an increased program of public works. 3 million people employed. The new deal may have prevented a social revolution but did not solve the unemployment problems. In it he created the welfare program and social security act.
government aims to control the political economic, social, intellectual and cultural lives of it citizens. it was more than passive obedience. it wanted to conquer the minds and hearts of their subjects.
glorifies the state above the individual by emphasizing the need for a strong central government led by a dictatorial ruler. the government controls the people and stifles any opposition
5 year plan
Stalin set economic goals for a five year period. it was to transform Russia in to a industrial country. Production of military equiptment and capital goods. It x4 the production of heavy machinery and doubled oil production.
was a system where private farmers were eliminated. instead government owned all of the land and the peasants worked for it. The peasants hoarded crops and killed livestock in resisting. This led to famine
german political party that hitler led
gave the government the power to ignore the constitution for four years while it issued the laws to deal with the country's problem. Under the enabling act Hitler no longer needed the Reichstag or Hindenburg. He became dictator appointed by the body its self.
a racial state that would dominate Europe. the Nazis identified the Aryans as the ancient greek and romans and the twentieth century Germans
Laws for the jews to where citizenship, civil rights, and forbade marriages between Jews and Germans. Then they were acquired to wear a yellow star. Jews couldn't teach or take part in art.
policy in which European states satisfied the reasonable demands of dissatisfied powers, the dissatisfied powers would be peaceful
allowed Germany to have Sudetenland and made british to believe there was peace.
anti-jewish activity to where the Nazis burned synagogues and destroyed some 7,000 jewish businesses and at least 100 Jewish killed. 30,000 males were rounded up and sent to concentration camps
Soviet-German Non Aggression Pact
fearing that the allies and soviets would become allies and get in way of him getting Poland he promised to Russia that they would not attack each other and with it Stalin gets Eastern Poland and the Baltic states
plan for atomic bomb
armored columns called panzer divisions, supported by aircrafts. It had a strike force of about 300 tanks with supplies
Neutrality Acts of 1936
prevented the United states from taking sides or becoming involved in any European wars but it still supplied the allies
Cash and Carry
to sell materials to bellergient countries.
destroyers of the bases
50 mothballed destroyers in exchange for land rights on british possessions.
FDR signed in order to sell, transfer title, exchange, lease,lend
General MacArthur commanded to move into the pHilippines through New Guinea and South Pacific Island and the others would move across the Pacific with a combination of U.S. Army, Marine, and Navy Attacks.
Scorch and Burn
June 6 1944
mass slaughter of European jews. 90 percent of the Jewish populations of Poland, Germany and Baltic nations were killed. 2/3 European Jews death was from Holocaust. People were worked to death or subjected to deadly medical experiments.+
December 1943 Stalin, Roosevelt, and Chruchill were the leaders of the Big Three. soviet forces would liberate eastern Europe and agreed to partition of postwar Germany.
Feb 1945 Soviets wanted a buffer to protect. Roosevelt favored self determination for Europe and agreed stilin's price for military aid against Japan. two islands and two warm waterports and railroad rights. they decided to divide Germany into fours. UN created.
July 1945 Truman demanded free election in eastern Europe and agreed to trail the leader who had committed crimes against humanity druing war.
political tension between us and su
fist meetin for San fransico.
Problems with the League of Nations?
President Wilson realized that the peace settlement included unwise provisions that could serve as new causes for conflict. It was not very effective in keeping peace. One problem was the failure of the US not wanting to join because it did not want to be included in European affair. U.S senate refused to approve the Treaty of Versailles which meant that the US could not join the League of Nations. Making the League weak. The remaining member could not agree to use force against aggression.
Economic problems after WW1? #
The Great depression is low economic activity and rising unemployment. The first reason for it was the downturns in the economies of countries. The second reason was the financial crisis that included the U.S stock market. Germany needed the loans from U.S. to pay the reperations but when the stock market boomed Americans pulled out the money to invest which caused the market to crash. 1/4 British were unemployed, 30% of
Germany was unemployed, Governments made it worse by lowering wages and rising tarrifs. The government became more increased in the government.
What are the characteristics of a totalitarian regime?
A new form of dictatorship emerged. It is where the government aims to control the political, social, economic,intellectual, and cultural lives of its people. It pushed the central state's power far beyond
Why did Europeans support dictators after WW1
1920s 30s. the depression caused a high unemployment which caused the whole countr to suffer. People let the government take more control beleiving that they could fix it. Dictators like Mussolini and Hitler used nationalism to attract people. They knew how angry the Italian and German were after the peace settlement. They used propaganda to convince the people.
discuss stalin's economic policies
(1928)After the NEP which allowed peasants to sell their produce openly and let stores be privately owned it helped revive the economy. It brought an end to famine. After Lenin died, Stalin took power and set up economic goals for a five year period. The prupose was to transform Russia from an agricultural country into industrial country. It emphasized maximum production of military equipment and capital good such as heavy machines. The plan quadrupled the productio nof heavy machinery and doubled oil production. Steel production increased. The social and political cost of industrialization was big. The number of workers increased by millions but they lived in miserable conditions. Wages declined and collectiviation began. This is were private farms were eliminated and peasants resisted by hoarding food and killing livestock. Staling then collectivized homes. Famine began
Summarize the steps to Hitler's raise in power
Understood how parties could effecitvely use propaganda and terror (leader in 1934)
First Hitler served four years in WW1
He joined the German Workers Party in munich
He took and control of the Nazi party
He Beer Hall Putsh/ prison
He expanded the Nazi party, he promised a Germany nationalism and militarism
Hitler made chancellor
Became dictator appointed by Parliment
discuss Hitler's early victories and tactics that he used
He united Austria and with his cunningness got Sudetenland. He made up the blitzkrieg which made up of panzer divisions wich came with airplanes, supplies and 300 tanks. It first broke through Polish lines and conquered it within 4 weeks. Then another blitzkrieg against Denmark and Norway and another in Netherlands, Belgium and France. Main assualt through Luxemburg and Ardennes. It raced to Nothern France and defeated the Maginot Lines splitting the Allies. The French signed an armistice in wich Germany got 3/5 of France the remainder was called Vichy France.
What caused Hitler to delay his invasion of Soviet Union. What halted the German advance once it had begun?
Hitler wanted to invade Soviet Union in spring of 1941 but the attack was delayed because his southern flank was exposed to the British Air bases in Greece because Mussolini's invasion in Greece failed. He had already got Hungary, Romania dn Bulgaria to to cooperate. To secure the flank he seized both Greece and Yugoslavia in April. then he attacked Sov in June 22,1941 believing that it would be over before winter. Germans captured 2 million soldiers. Swept through Ukraine, Leningrad and clsoe to Moscow but the winter and fiecre Soviet resistance stopped the German advance. Germans had no winter uniforms.
Discuss the Japanese expansion policies in the 1930s
The japanese were in need of resources so it started to expand. Japanese first disguised themselved as Chinese blowing up the Muncharian railroads and blamed it on the Chinese. they then conquered Muncharia. They named it Manchukuo and placed Henry Pu Yi at the throne. Japan left the League of Nations and started controling Norht china. The emperor of China wanted to avoid conflict with Japan so he could deal with communists. He allowed Japan to govern North China. Chinese and Japanese forces clashed and Japan seized the capital of Nanjing. Japan used force. Japan wanted to establish the New Order where Asia united and Japan lead. Knowing it was not safe to conquer Siberia they conquered Southeat Asia instead but U.S. would not let them threatening to not give oil and srap metal. So Japan launched a surprise attack.
Discuss Operation overlord. Why was the Normandy chosen. How was it carried and why was it successful
How did Hitler's plan for a master race move from murder to genoicide? Discuss the final solution
prime minister of Japan
established a dictatorship that favored large landowners, businesspeople and the Catholic clergy. Because Franco's dictatorship favored traditional groups and did not try to control every aspect of people's lives it is an example of authoritarian.
held task of Final Solution and created Einsatzgruppen
directed the SS which was the secret police forces that were based on terror and ideology. police, concentration and death camps. His goal was to further the Aryan race.
May 8 1945
Aug 14 1945
4 causes of war
appeasement, treaty, league of nations, germany