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A tool used to show what direction you are going.


The earth is divided into 4 total hemispheres. Northern & Southern, Eastern & Western.

Lines of Latitude

These lines tell if you are located in the Northern & Southern hemisphere.

Lines of Longitude

These lines tell if you are located in the Eastern & Western hemisphere.

Latitude & Longitude

Both measured in degrees. Both the equator and Prime meridian are both 0. Latitude is o to 90 N or S. Longitude is 0 to 180 E or W.


Position on the earth's surface. Absolute location use of latitude & longitude lines. Relative location described by landmark's, time,direction, or distance from one place to another.


Physical characteristics include mountains, rivers, beaches, wildlife, & soil. Human characteristics include buildings, roads, clothes, & food habits.

Human/Environmental Interaction

These are the key concepts to human/environmental interaction. Humans adapt to the environment, humans modify the environment, humans depend on the environment.


The movement of people, the import & export of goods, and mass communication have all played major roles in shaping our world. We interact with each other through travel, trade, information flows (Email) and political events.


Formal regions are those defined by governmental or administrative boundaries. These regional boundaries are not open to dipute, therfore physical regions fall under this category.

Functional regions

are those defined by a function. If the function cease to exists , the region no longer exists. Vernacular regions are those loosely defined by people's perception.

7 Elements of Culture

1. Social Organization 2. Customs & Traditions 3. Language 4. Arts & Literature 5. Religion 6. Forms of government 7. Economic Systems

Social Organization

How a society is organized into smaller units. Family, Friends, Religious groups, Social classes.

Social Classes

How people in a society are ranked. Wealth, Occupation, Eduacation, Family.

Customs & Traditions

Are rules we live our lives by. How we dress. What we eat. How we greet each other. Holidays.


Is the corner of culture. Is how people communicate their thought's, feelings, and knowledge. Gives culture a single identity. Civilization could not exist without some sort of language.

Arts & Literature

Things that a culture creates to entertain themselves. Example are folk tels, paintings, music, etc.


How people try to explain why we are here. Disputes over religion have caused many of the major disputes in history.

Family Patterns

Nuclear family is a husband, wife, and child living together. Extended is several generations of a family together. (husband, wife, children, aunts, uncles, granparents etc.). Divorced is living with one parent

Cultural Terms

multicultural is to be influenced by more than one culture. Prejudice is pre judge a person based on a physical trait. Stereotype is a mental picture, attitiude or opinion that assumes everyone of a group is the same.


A foreign resident who is not a citizen of the country he/she is living in.


The ability to read or write.


unable to read or write


Believing that your culture is superior and showing little regard to others.


Person who thinks their race is superior to.

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