49 terms

Anatomy 2 semester Exam

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Arterioles
A small branch of an artery that communications with a capillary network
Artery
A vessel that transports blood away from the heart
Calories
A unit used to measure heat energy and the energy content of foods
Capillary
A small blood vessel that connects an arteriole and a venule
Defecation
The discharge of feces from the rectum through the anus
Diaphragm
A sheet like structure largely composed of skeletal muscle and connective tissue that separates thoratic and abdominal cavities; also a cap like contraceptive device inserted in the vagina
Mucus
Fluid secretion of the mucous cells
Nasal Cavity
Either of the two cavities lying between the floor of the cranium and the roof of the mouth and extending from the face to the pharynx.
Oxyhemoglobin
A hemoglobin molecule that has bound an oxygen atom
Pharynx
Portion of the digestive tube posterior to the nasal and oral cavities, as well as the larynx
Pleural Cavity
Potential space between pleural membranes
Protein
Nitrogen containing organic compound of joined amino acid molecules
Pulmonary circuit
System of blood vessels that carries blood between the heart and the lungs
Systemic circuit
The vessels that conduct blood between the heart and all body tissues except the lungs
Trachea
Tubular organ that leads from the larynx to the bronchi
Vasoconstriction
A decrease in the diameter of a blood vessel
Vasodilation
A increase in the diameter of a blood vessel
Elastic Arteries
Larger diameter and thicker walls
Hard Palate
Bone that separates oral cavity from the nasal cavity
Homeotherms
an organism that maintains its body temperature at a constant level, usually above that of the environment, by its metabolic activity.
Nasolacrimal Ducts
Empties to nasal cavity
Vein
A vessel that carries blood toward the heart
Ventilation
breathing; the exchange of air between the lungs and the environment, including inhalation and exhalation
Venous Return
the flow of blood from the periphery back to the right atrium, and except for periods of a few seconds, it is equal to cardiac output
Vitamin
An organic compound required for normal metabolism but that the body can't synthesize in adequate amounts and must therefore be obtained in a diet
Testosterone
Male sex hormone secreted by the interstitial cells of the testes
Puberty
Stage of development in which the reproductive organs become functional
Ovulation
The release of an egg cell from a mature ovarian follicle
Ovary
The primary female reproductive organ that produces oocytes
Oropharynx
Portion of the pharynx in the posterior part of the oral cavity
Nutrition
the process of providing or obtaining the food necessary for health and growth.
Mineral
Inorganic element essential in human metabolism
Menstrual Cycle
the process of ovulation and menstruation in women and other female primates
Mastication
Chewing movement
Lipid
A fat, oil, or fatlike compound that includes fatty acids
Lacteal
A lymphatic capillary associated with a villus of the small intestine
Glucose
A monosaccharide in blood that is primary source of cellular energy
Gametes
a mature haploid male or female germ cell that is able to unite with another of the opposite sex in sexual reproduction to form a zygote.
Estrogen
A hormone that stimulates the development of female secondary sex characteristics
Esophagus
Tubular portion of the digestive tract that leads from the pharynx to the stomach
Duodenum
the first part of the small intestine immediately beyond the stomach, leading to the jejunum.
Deglutition
process of swallowing.
Colon
the part of the large intestine between the caecum and the rectum
Chyme
Semifluid mass of partially digestion food that passes from the stomach to the small intestine
Carbohydrate
an organic compound consisting of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
Bile
Fluid secreted by liver and stored in gallbladder
Amino Acids
A small organic compound that includes an amino group and a carboxyl group; structural unit of a protein molecule
Aerobic Respiration
The complete energy releasing, breakdown of glucose to carbon dioxide and water, in the presence of oxygen
Abduction
Movement of body part away from the midline
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