Anatomy 2 semester Exam
Terms in this set (49)
A small branch of an artery that communications with a capillary network
A vessel that transports blood away from the heart
A unit used to measure heat energy and the energy content of foods
A small blood vessel that connects an arteriole and a venule
The discharge of feces from the rectum through the anus
A sheet like structure largely composed of skeletal muscle and connective tissue that separates thoratic and abdominal cavities; also a cap like contraceptive device inserted in the vagina
Fluid secretion of the mucous cells
Either of the two cavities lying between the floor of the cranium and the roof of the mouth and extending from the face to the pharynx.
A hemoglobin molecule that has bound an oxygen atom
Portion of the digestive tube posterior to the nasal and oral cavities, as well as the larynx
Potential space between pleural membranes
Nitrogen containing organic compound of joined amino acid molecules
System of blood vessels that carries blood between the heart and the lungs
The vessels that conduct blood between the heart and all body tissues except the lungs
Tubular organ that leads from the larynx to the bronchi
A decrease in the diameter of a blood vessel
A increase in the diameter of a blood vessel
Larger diameter and thicker walls
Bone that separates oral cavity from the nasal cavity
an organism that maintains its body temperature at a constant level, usually above that of the environment, by its metabolic activity.
Empties to nasal cavity
A vessel that carries blood toward the heart
breathing; the exchange of air between the lungs and the environment, including inhalation and exhalation
the flow of blood from the periphery back to the right atrium, and except for periods of a few seconds, it is equal to cardiac output
An organic compound required for normal metabolism but that the body can't synthesize in adequate amounts and must therefore be obtained in a diet
Male sex hormone secreted by the interstitial cells of the testes
Stage of development in which the reproductive organs become functional
The release of an egg cell from a mature ovarian follicle
The primary female reproductive organ that produces oocytes
Portion of the pharynx in the posterior part of the oral cavity
the process of providing or obtaining the food necessary for health and growth.
Inorganic element essential in human metabolism
the process of ovulation and menstruation in women and other female primates
A fat, oil, or fatlike compound that includes fatty acids
A lymphatic capillary associated with a villus of the small intestine
A monosaccharide in blood that is primary source of cellular energy
a mature haploid male or female germ cell that is able to unite with another of the opposite sex in sexual reproduction to form a zygote.
A hormone that stimulates the development of female secondary sex characteristics
Tubular portion of the digestive tract that leads from the pharynx to the stomach
the first part of the small intestine immediately beyond the stomach, leading to the jejunum.
process of swallowing.
the part of the large intestine between the caecum and the rectum
Semifluid mass of partially digestion food that passes from the stomach to the small intestine
an organic compound consisting of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
Fluid secreted by liver and stored in gallbladder
A small organic compound that includes an amino group and a carboxyl group; structural unit of a protein molecule
The complete energy releasing, breakdown of glucose to carbon dioxide and water, in the presence of oxygen
Movement of body part away from the midline
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