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20 terms

Chapter 10

STUDY
PLAY
messiah
in Judaism, a deliverer sent by God
disciple
a close follower of Jesus
parable
story that used events from everyday life to express a spiritual idea
resurrection
the act of rising from the dead
apostle
early Christian leader who helped set up churches and spread the message of Jesus
salvation
the act of being saved from sin and allowed to enter heaven
persecute
to mistreat a person because of his or her beliefs
martyr
person willing to die rather than give up his or her beliefs
hierarchy
organization with different levels of authority
clergy
religious officials, such as priests, given authority to conduct religious services
laity
regular church members
doctrine
official church teaching
gospel
"good news" one of the four accounts of Jesus' life, teachings, and resurrection
pope
the bishop of Rome, later the head of the Roman Catholic Church
icon
Christian religious image or picture
iconoclast
person who opposed the use of idols in Byzantine churches, saying that icons encouraged the worship of idols
excommunicate
to declare that a person or group no longer belongs to a church
schism
separation
monastery
religious community where monks live and work
missionary
a person who spreads his or her religious beliefs to others