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HC Study Guide
Terms in this set (33)
How quickly water infiltrates the ground depends on...
The porosity and permeability of the soil.
What is the difference between erosion and weathering?
Erosion is to wear away.
Weathering is to break apart.
How can an aquifer or well run dry?
-Well is not deep enough
Water goes through all four parts of our plant.
What are they?
-biosphere (living things)
What are some key parts of the nitrogen cycle?
Lightning and bacteria.
What are the four processes of the water cycle?
Runoff, infiltration, and sublimation occur in the...
What are two ways that you can change the physical state of water( from solid to liquid to gas)?
Photosynthesis is possible thanks to what property of water?
How much does water weigh whether frozen or in liquid from?
approximately 62 pounds
What property of water enables a mosquito to "walk" on water?
Surface tension is possible thanks to what two properties of water?
adhesion and cohesion
The amount of water on earth...
stays relatively the same
what is the difference between adhesion and cohesion?
-Adhesion is water's ability to stick to something else.
-Cohesion is water's ability to stick itself.
Ice is less dense because the molecules in ice...
expand or spread out
An example of watershed is...
The Ohio River flowing into the Mississippi River.
What are some key parts of the carbon cycle?
As altitude increases...
air pressure decreases
The boiling point of water is...
212 F and 100 C
What is specific heat...
A property of water that enables it to absorb a lot of heat before getting hot.
How do ground water and surface water interact?
If you deplete one. you deplete the other.
What type of relationship do we have with plants?
What is one of a permeable material?
a coffee filter or screen
An aquifer is...
underground storage of water
pure water has a PH level of...
pure water does not conduct electricity until it...
dissolves another substance
How can surface water get polluted?
Non-point source pollution like runoff and point source pollution like oil spills.
What drives the water cycle?
what are the different types of weathering?
-mechanical (rock breaking)
-Chemical (statue of liberty)
- Biological (tree through rock)
what is the difference between basic and acidic?
what property of water causes it to conduct electricity?
what percentage of earths water is fresh?
what are examples of recharge zones?
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