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SE Asia REVIEW
2nd Semester REVIEW
Terms in this set (47)
Which two rivers in SE Asia originate in the Himalayan Mountains?
The Indus and the Ganges Rivers
What natural barrier separates China and India?
the Himalayan Mountains
Which SE Asian country borders the South China Sea?
Which two SE Asian countries form a peninsula?
North Korea and South Korea
Why is the Huang He River referred to as the Yellow River?
Yellowish silt from the soil spills into the water, giving it a yellow color
How has the Indian practice of cremating their dead been a problem for the Ganges River?
The ashes of human beings, as well as the bodies of dead animals, are placed in the river causing pollution.
Where is India?
South Central portion of the Asia Continent
Where is the South China Sea?
The SE border of China; between Indonesia and Vietnam.
Where is Vietnam?
South of China; East of Laos; East of Cambodia; bordering the South China Sea
Where is Indonesia?
Archipelago (group of islands) south of China, Vietnam, and Malaysia; Bordered on one side by the South China Sea and on the other by the Indian Ocean.
Where is Japan?
Off the Northeast coast of China and east of the Korean Peninsula. Bordered by the Sea of Japan to the West and the Pacific Ocean to the East.
Where is the Indian Ocean?
The large body of water found along the East Coast of Africa that stretches all the way east to Indonesia/Australia
Where is China?
It stretches from central Asia to the Eastern edge of Asia. It shares its western border with SW Asia (the Middle East) and its Eastern border stretches along the South China Sea/East China Sea/Yellow Sea/Sea of Japan
What are the two main contributors to the air pollution problems in China?
* coal-burning power plants and factories
* the ever growing population
Where does most of China's population live?
* near rivers
* coastal areas
How have farmers of Japan raised crops on their mountainous island?
the use of terraces along the mountain slopes
Define an ethnic group.
A group of people that share common:
*.....SOMETIMES, they may share a common religion- NOT A REQUIREMENT to be a member of an ethnic group.
Define a religious group.
A group of people that share the same religion, the same religious beliefs, and the same religious practices. (Nothing but the SAME RELIGION.) Same Religion is the ONLY REQUIREMENT.
What is Karma, according to the Hindu faith?
That your actions will determine your fate.
What two religions that we have studied believe in the process of reincarnation?
Hinduism and Buddhism
In the Shinto faith, what are Kami?
Kami are spirits that are believed to exist in things everywhere...especially in nature.
According to Confucius, what are the keys to social order and peace?
* good character
(do what is right)
In a federal form of government, how is power handled?
Power is shared among all the different levels of government
In what type of government is the executive branch elected by the citizens AND is constitutionally SEPARATE from the legislature?
In the People's Republic of China today, what group makes most of the important government decisions?
the Chinese-Communist Party
Who or what makes most of the political decisions in Japan?
Of Israel, Japan, China, and India, which is considered a federal republic?
What type of government does the People's Republic of China have?
a Communist Government
Who makes the economic decisions in a market economy?
Who takes on the financial risk in starting a new business in a market economy?
The economy of North Korea could best be described as mostly what?
The Japanese economy has to make up for the country's lack of ________.
Why does economic specialization make trade between some countries easier?
Countries can produce those things they make best (their specialty) and trade with others for what they NEED.
What is an embargo?
A total halt to trade between particular countries for economic and/or political reasons.
Why is it important for nations to have a system to convert from one currency to another?
Converting currency makes it possible to buy and sell goods between nations with different types of money.
Investment in capital goods has helped China do well in what sector of the world market?
If a country does NOT invest in its human capital, how can this affect the country's Gross Domestic Product?
The GDP may go down because poorly trained workers will not be able to do their jobs well.
How has China's attitude toward entrepreneurship changed in the past several decades?
The government has become more open to the idea of allowing some free enterprise (individuals owning businesses).
What is the source of nearly all of Japan's GDP?
Industry and Services
Why do some very poor countries in Asia still have a high literacy rates?
If governments decide education should be a national goal, the literacy rates can be high even if the countries are poor and/or have a low standard of living for its people
What is the purpose of make investments?
To gain a return on your money...To make more money...To earn more money.
Who was the leader of the nationalist movement in Vietnam?
Ho Chi Minh
Gandhi's main strategy in dealing with the British was to insist that his followers use __________.
Why did the United States send troops to Vietnam?
Their belief in the Domino Theory...to stop the spread of communism.
After WWII, what country helped Japan rebuild?
The United States
In 1989, what happened to students that were protesting for greater political freedom in Tiananmen Square in Beijing?
They were fired upon/attached by Chinese troops...many were killed and many were arrested.
What name was given to the threatening verbal disagreements between the United States and the former Soviet Union, at the end of WWII?
The Cold War
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