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American Reform Movements

Review for the Regents- Abolition
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Abolition
The movement to end slavery in the United States prior to the start of the Civil War
William Lloyd Garrison
1805-1879. Prominent American abolitionist, journalist and social reformer. Editor of radical abolitionist newspaper "The Liberator", and one of the founders of the American Anti-Slavery Society.
Sojourner Truth
United States abolitionist and feminist who was freed from slavery and became a leading advocate of the abolition of slavery and for the rights of women (1797-1883)
Frederick Douglass
(1817-1895) American abolitionist and writer, he escaped slavery and became a leading African American spokesman and writer. He published his biography, The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, and founded the abolitionist newspaper, the North Star.
Underground Railroad
A secret cooperative network that aided fugitive slaves in reaching sanctuary in the free states or in Canada in the years before the abolition of slavery in the United States
Harriet Tubman
American abolitionist. Born a slave on a Maryland plantation, she escaped to the North in 1849 and became the most renowned conductor on the Underground Railroad, leading more than 300 slaves to freedom.
John Brown
Well-known abolitionist. used violence to stop slavery immediately, involved in the Pottawatomie Massacre, he was tried, convicted of treason and hung... he became a martyr.
Bleeding Kansas
A sequence of violent events involving abolitionists and pro-Slavery elements that took place in Kansas-Nebraska Territory. The dispute further strained the relations of the North and South, making civil war imminent.
Republican Party
1854 - anti-slavery Whigs and Democrats, Free Soilers and reformers from the Northwest met and formed party in order to keep slavery out of the territories
Raid on Harper's Ferry
John Brown, an ardent abolitionist, planned to seize the federal arsenal, free and arm the enslaved people of the area, and begin an insurrection against slaveholders.
Uncle Tom's Cabin
1852, Harriet Beecher Stowe, anti slavery book, widely read- hated by southerners - made northerners more skeptical of slavery
Emancipation Proclamation
A law issued by Lincoln freeing the slaves in the confederate states. This made the Civil War a moral war to end slavery.
13th Amendment
1865. Amendment abolishing and continually prohibiting slavery. With limited exception, such as those guilty of committing a crime, it also prevents indentured servitude.
14th Amendment
declared that all persons born in the US were citizenship, that all citizens were entitled to equal rights and their rights were protected by due process
15th Amendment
Citizens cannot be denied the right to vote because of race, color , or previous condition of servitude
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