20 terms

American Reform Movements #5

Welfare State and Rights of the Accused
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Terms in this set (...)

New Deal
A series of reforms enacted by the Franklin Roosevelt administration between 1933 and 1942 with the goal of ending the Great Depression.
Social Security Act
(FDR) 1935, guaranteed retirement payments for enrolled workers beginning at age 65; set up federal-state system of unemployment insurance and care for dependent mothers and children, the handicapped, and public health
FDIC
A federal guarantee of savings bank deposits initially of up to $2500, raised to $5000 in 1934, and frequently thereafter; continues today with a limit of $100,000
Securities and Exchange Commission
monitors the stock market and enforces laws regulating the sale of stocks and bonds
Tennessee Valley Authority
A relief, recovery, and reform effort that gave 2.5 million poor citizens jobs and land. It brought cheap electric power, low-cost housing, cheap nitrates, and the restoration of eroded soil.
WPA
Work Progress Administration: Massive work relief program funded projects ranging from construction to acting; disbanded by FDR during WWII
Great Society
1960s; President Lyndon B. Johnson; Set of domestic programs proposed by Johnson, spending programs that addressed education, medical care, urban problems, and transportation
War on Poverty
A part of President Lyndon Johnson's Great Society program, intended to eradicate poverty within ten years.
Medicare
A federal program of health insurance for persons 65 years of age and older
Medicaid
A public assistance program established in 1965 to help pay hospital, doctor, and medical bills for people with low incomes.
New Federalism
(Reagan) federal reduction in social programs and shifting responsibilities to the states
Welfare Reform
President Clinton's plan to "end welfare as we know it", poor ppl move from welfare to work, welfare payments to max of five years, welfare recipients engage in work within two years
Warren Court
the chief justice that overturned Plessy v. Ferguson in Brown v. Board of Education (1954); he was the first justice to help the civil rights movement, judicial activism
4th Amendment
Freedom from unreasonable searches and seizures
5th Amendment
Can't be tried twice for the same crime; Right to remain silent; Must be paid for property if taken for public use
Mapp v. Ohio
a landmark case in the area of U.S. criminal procedure, in which the United States Supreme Court decided that evidence obtained in violation of the Fourth Amendment protection against "unreasonable searches and seizures" may not be used in criminal prosecutions in state courts, as well as federal courts.
Gideon v. Wainwright
a landmark case in United States Supreme Court history. In the case, the Supreme Court unanimously ruled that state courts are required under the Sixth Amendment of the Constitution to provide counsel in criminal cases for defendants unable to afford their own attorneys.
Escobedo v. Illinois
1964--Ruled that a defendant must be allowed access to a lawyer before questioning by police.
Miranda v. Arizona
Supreme Court held that criminal suspects must be informed of their right to consult with an attorney and of their right against self-incrimination prior to questioning by police.
6th Amendment
Criminal Proceedings; Must inform defendant of charge/s; Right to Attorney; Right to fair impartial jury
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