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Nutrition Ch 2 quiz
Terms in this set (21)
Which of the following foods in the protein foods group of the USDA Food Intake Patterns has the highest nutrient density?
a. luncheon meats
b. fried fish
c. duck with skin
d. chicken with no skin
When planning a healthful diet using the USDA Food Intake Patterns, vegetarians should remember that:
a. they will have difficulty meeting their needs when using the USDA Food Intake Patterns.
b. the vegetable group contains legumes, which can be counted as protein foods.
c. all soy foods and soy milks contain the same nutrient contents as dairy milk.
d. nuts and seeds are high in fat content and should be limited.
e. modifications are prohibited so vegetarians must use another diet planning tool.
The Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2015 focus on specific nutrients, rather t recommended foods to eat.
Food group plans primarily dictate:
a. particular foods to choose each day.
b. appropriate portion sizes for foods.
c. estimates of the amounts of carbohydrate, protein, and fat in foods.
d. numbers and sizes of servings to choose each day.
e. the average calories provided by food from each group.
A person is trying to eat the best diet to reduce the risk of developing chronic disease. She wants to be sure that she will consume adequate nutrients in the best proportions from her foods she selects. Which would be the best DRI recommendation for her to use to ensure she has the best energy nutrient intakes to reduce chronic disease risk?
a. Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA)
b. Adequate Intakes (AI)
c. Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Ranges (AMDR)
d. Daily Values (DV)
e. Estimated Average Requirements (EAR)
Which statement is about the DRI is FALSE?
a. The committee that publishes them is comprised of nutrition experts.
b. They are minimum requirements, not recommendations.
c. They are based on review of available scientific research.
d. They are for individuals who are healthy.
e. They assume that intakes will vary from day to day.
The DRI are international guidelines that are used around the world.
George is a 35-year-old athlete using nutrient supplements to give him a competitive advantage. Which of the following nutrient intake recommendations would you suggest that George become familiar with?
a. Adequate Intakes
b. Estimated Average
c. Requirements Tolerable Upper d. Intake Levels Recommended
e. Dietary Allowances Daily Values
In the Food Lists for Diabetes, foods are categorized by:
a. their exact nutrient values in grams.
b. their exact number of calories per serving.
c. the average nutrient values in standardized food portions.
d. the size of an average portion.
e. their approximate proportion of empty calories.
Any food providing 10%-19% of the Daily Value for a nutrient in one serving is considered to be a _____ source of the nutrient.
Which of the following people would not be covered by the DRI, based on assumptions made by the DRI committee?
a. Harry, a 35-year-old healthy businessman
b. Cindy, a 21-year-old college athlete
c. Robert, a 20 year old with cystic fibrosis
d. Joann, a 35-year-old female vegetarian
e. Kimberly, a healthy 8-year-old female
"Diets low in sodium may reduce the risk of high blood pressure,"is an example of a health claim allowed on a food label and is reliable because the FDA had substantial scientific support for the claim.
Which of the following establishes population-wide average requirements used by nutrition policymakers?
a. Recommended Dietary Allowances
b. Daily Values
c. Recommended Daily
d. Allowances Adequate Intakes
e. Estimated Average Requirements
Amounts of which type of lipids must be listed on food labels?
a. monounsaturated fat
b. polyunsaturated fat
c. omega-3 fat
e. trans fat
For healthy people, the Food Lists for Diabetes help primarily with:
b. calorie control.
So far, the DRI Committee has published recommendations for the vitamins and minerals, along with those for carbohydrates, fiber, lipids, proteins, water, and energy.
When referring to the DRI recommended intakes, it is important to remember that:
a. they are designed to help an individual recover from an illness. b. they are the minimum values needed to maintain health.
c. they are based on the latest available scientific research.
d. they must be consumed daily because they do not account for varied intakes.
e. they are not age or gender specific.
The Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2015 focus on specific nutrients, rather than recommended foods to eat.
One of the characteristics of a nutritious diet is that the foods provide enough of each essential nutrient, fiber, and energy. This principle of diet planning is called:
d. calorie control
The DRI Committee recommended a diet that provides _____% of its calories from carbohydrate
Functional foods contain bioactive food components that are believed to provide benefits beyond their nutrient content.
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