History & Geography Chapter 16

5th Grade Review
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Terms in this set (...)

Tasmania
island which is part of Australia;
located 150 mi. south of the mainland
Great Barrier Reef
world's longest coral reef
Great Dividing Range
mountain range of
Australia's eastern coast
Mt. Kosciusko
Australia's highest mountain
peak
Murray River
Australia's longest river
flowing year-round
Darling River
the longest and only other
important Australian river
Great Artesian Basin
the largest artesian
basin in the world
outback
Australia's Central Lowlands and
Western Plateau
one
How many nations are on the continent of
Australia?
winter in July; summer in January
What season does Australia have in July?
In January?
Sydney
Australia's largest city
Oceania
20,000 to 30,000 islands scattered
throughout the Pacific
Polynesia
"many islands"; largest island
group in Oceania
Melanesia
most of the population of
Oceania lives here
Micronesia
"small islands"
Papua New Guinea
eastern half of New Guinea;
more languages spoken here
than anywhere else
Mt. Wilhelm
the highest island peak in
the world
Vinson Massif
Antarctica's tallest peak
eucalyptus tree, used for oil, gum, and timber
acacia tree, used for furniture
What are Australia's two most important
trees and how are they used?
the marsupials, or mammals with pouches;
kangaroo, koala, wallaby, wombat
What unusual group of animals are native
to Australia? Give some examples.
Aborigines
Who were the first people to live in Australia?
boomerangs
pieces of carved wood used by the Aborigines for
hunting
Captain James Cook
Who discovered and claimed Australia for
England?
stations
Australian ranches
dingoes
wild dogs of Australia
Canberra
capital of Australia
seaport
a town that has a port or harbor
for ocean-going ships
industrial center
a place where much
manufacturing is done
Antarctica
the continent with no permanent inhabitants
summer
During which season do Australians celebrate
Christmas?
It is entirely below the equator;
it is the smallest continent.
Why is Australia called the "Land Down
Under"? "The Island Continent"?
marsupials
What name is given to mammals whose
young develop in pouches?
wool
Australia is the world's leading producer
of ?
arctic tern
The migration champion of the world is
the ?
John Paton
most famous missionary to
the Pacific Islands
Charles Wilkes
first man to insist Antarctica
was a continent
Roald Amundsen
first man to reach the
South Pole
Richard Byrd
most famous Antarctic explorer;
supervised the mapping of Antarctica
states and territories
What are the divisions of Australia called?
Polynesia
Melanesia
Micronesia
Name the three main groups of islands
located within Oceania.
Wellington
the capital of New Zealand
the Maoris
Who were the first people to settle New
Zealand?
Papua New Guinea
Which island country has the most languages
spoken of any country in the world?
Port Moresby
capital of Papua New Guinea
eucalyptus
Australia's most important tree