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Nutrition Flash Cards

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The # of calories per gram in proteins and carbohydrates
4 calories
The # of calories per gram in fats
9 calories
Calories
The amount of energy your body gets from a food.
Diet
A pattern of eating that includes what a person eats, how much a person eats, and how often a person eats.
Nutrients
The substances in food that your body needs to function
Body Image
The way you feel about and see your body
Metabolism
The process of converting energy from the food you eat into usable energy.
Eating Disorder
Anorexia and bulimia are two examples. It's an obsession with weight that harms a person's well-being.
Food Guide Pyramid
Shows you what kinds of food to eat and how much of each you should consume each day.The 6 groups in the pyramid and what foods are represented in each group.
Complex and simple
Two types of carbs
Saturated and unsaturated
Two types of fat nutrients
RDA
Recommended Daily Allowance (2000 calories per day)
FDA
Food & Drug Administration
the 6 food pyramid food groups
Grains, Vegetables, Fruits, Dairy and Proteins
grains
6 oz
vegetables
2.5 cups
fruits
2 cups
dairy
3 cups
proteins
5.5 oz, nutrients that help build and maintain body tissues
water
Most nutrients your body needs must be dissolved in __________.
carbs
starches and sugars found in foods, primary source of fuel for our bodies
fat
a class of nutrients that does not mix with water. Fat is made mostly of fatty acids, which provide energy to the body.
minerals
elements of the earth needed in the diet, which perform many functions in body tissues
vitamins
compounds that help regulate many vital body processes, including the digestion, absorption, and metabolism of other nutrients