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34 terms

Cox Test 1

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pain
Whenever tissues are damaged, _____ receptors are likely to be stimulated.
thermoreceptors
Receptors that are sensitive to temperature changes are called ____.
sensory
A sensation may seem to fade away when receptors are continuously stimulated as a result of ___ adaption.
touch
Tactile (Meissner's corpuscles are responsible for the sense of light ___.
pressure
Lamellated (Pacinian) corpuscles are responsible for the sense of deep ___.
warm
______ receptors are most sensitive to temperatures between 77 degrees and 113 degrees fahrenheit.
cold
_____ receptors are most sensitive to temperatures between 50 and 68 degrees fahrenheit.
pain
Widelty distributed sensory receptors throughout the body are associated with ____ senses in contrast to special senses.
aqueous humor
fills anterior and posterior chambers of the anterior cavity of the eye
choroid
posterior five-sixths of middle (vascular) layer
ciliary muscles
cause lens to change shape
conjunctiva
inner lining of the eyelid
cornea
transparent anterior portion of outer layer
iris
smooth muscle that controls light entering the eye
lacrimal gland
secretes tears
optic disk
area where optic nerve exits the eye
retina
contains visual receptor called rods and cones
sclera
white part of outer (fibrous) layer
suspensory ligament
connects lens to ciliary body
vitreous humor
fills posterior cavity of eye
cilia
The distal ends of the olfactory neurons are covered with hairlike ____.
watery fluids
Before gaseous substances can stimulate the olfactory receptors, they must be dissolved in _____ that surrounds the cilia.
cribiform plates
The axons of olfactory receptors pass through small openings in the ___ _____ of the ethmoid bone.
frontal lobes
The olfactory interpreting centers are located deep witin the temporsal lobes and at the base of the _____ _____.
sensory adaption
Olfacory sensations usually fade rapidly as a result of _____ _________.
odorless
A chemical would be considered _______ if a person lacks a particular receptor site on the cilia of the olfactory neurons.
insula
Taste is interpreted in the _____ lobe of the cerebrum.
taste pore
The opening to a taste bud is called the _____.
taste hairs
The ___ ____ of a taste cell are its sensitive part.
saliva
Before the taste of a substance can be detected, the substance must be dissolved in ______.
receptor
Substances that stimulate taste cells bind with ____ sites on teh surfaces of taste hairs.
acids
Sour receptors are mainly stimulated by _______.
salts
Salt receptors are mainly stimulated by ionized inorganic ___.
bitter
Alkaloids usually have a ____ taste.