Taphonomy: the study of how organisms decay and become fossilized
Taphonomic context: Immediate environment and surroundings where the body is found.
Processes that contribute to the decomposition, skeletonization, and postmortem alteration of remains.
Biological factors: human agents, animals, plants, insects, and invertebrates.
Non-biological factors: temperature, humidity, precipitation, and exposure to sun, wind, water, soil, fire or rock.
Interpretation of condition of remains
Estimating postmortem interval
Heat and moisture are important factors
Location of death