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Anatomy lab practical
Terms in this set (73)
What is the proportionality of the forearm and foot?
true or false: the human figure should fit exactly into a square because the height and arm span length have a 1:1 ratio
True or False: Experimentation is necessary only when a hypothesis is known to be untrue
False- experimentation is necessary no matter what to test a hypothesis
True or False: A hypothesis is written in the form of a question
False- it can also be written in the form of a statement
The analysis of data within the scientific method means to consider whether the data are...
repeatable, relevant, and valid
True or false: errors in experimental data can be classified as either random or systematic
True or false: the cell is the smallest structural unit of the body that is alive
The level of organization in the body from smallest to largest is...
molecular, cellular, tissue, organ
The word most likely derived from two Greek words meaning "a cutting up"
Which organ system is not distributed throughout the entire body?
True or false: the antebrachial, umbilical, and left lumbar regions are all in the middle abdominopelvic area
False- The antibrachial is not in the abdominopelvic area
True or false: the term "leg" only refers to the portion of the lower limb between the knee and the ankle
The diaphragm separates the...
thoracic and abdominal cavities
Which does not describe the head?
Which of these structures acts as a physical barrier between the pelvic cavity and the abdominal cavity?
none of the above
The olecranal is to the upper extremity as the __________ is to the lower extremity
True or False: The antonym of medial is proximal
False- The antonym of medial is lateral
true or false: all body directional terms use the supine position when referencing positions
False- the anatomical position is used when referencing positions
A slice that divides the body into anterior and posterior portions is called the...
A doctor is describing an MRI scan made through the center of the head with both the right and left eyes in the scan. The planes that were scanned were the...
midsagittal and transverse planes
In the human body, ____________ means the same as ventral
True or false: ribosomes are the "power plants" of the cells
True or false: embedded ribosomes make the rough ER rough
The plasma membrane of a cell consists of...
proteins, phospholipids, and cholesterol molecules
the organelles in the cell that controls most of the activities is the...
Which organelle in the cell contains its own DNA?
True or false: the basic building block of DNA is nucleotides
The "deoxy" part of deoxyribonucleic acid refers to which component of its structure?
A student tries to isolate DNA from his hair. After conducting the acquisition and separation steps, no DNA was observed by the student. What could explain why this occurred?
The hair used was a clipping from a recent haircut
A cell is placed in a hypertonic solution. Which direction will the water flow?
from inside of the cell to outside of the cell
A blood cell is placed in a hypotonic solution. What would you expect to observe?
The blood cell will become larger
If a 15% glucose solution were separated from a 30% glucose solution by a membrane that was permeable to water, where would you expect the water to move?
From the 15% solution to the 30% solution
True or False: A cell in interphase is not actively involved in cell division
Why is it important to control how often mitosis is occurring in a group of cells?
we don't want overgrowth of cells because it can lead to a tumor which leads to cancer
True or false: the visible part of a hair is called the follicle
False- the shaft
True or false: Sebaceous glands produce the skin's oil, which is called sebum
the part of the skin responsible for producing a set of finger prints is called the...
the _________ is the small muscle responsible for hair movement
True or false: The axial skeleton contains fewer bones than the appendicular skeleton
True or false: just like bones in a graveyard, bones inside a person are not alive
false- they produce red blood cells
what are 3 functions of the skeletal system?
blood cell production, motion, storage of calcium
All of the following are part of the appendicular skeleton except...
True or false: muscles fill in the form and contour of the body
what is not a general function of the muscles?
the muscle responsible for shrugging of shoulders is...
True or false; bones do not produce blood cells
false- bones do produce blood cells
True or false: the ends of long bones are called epiphyses
in a long bone, the hollow shaft is called the...
cells responsible for bone formation are...
True or false: the occipital bone is located at the back of the skull
True or false: I order from superior to inferior, the sequence of the vertebrae is cervical, thoracic, lumbar, coccyx, and sacrum
False- cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacrum, coccyx
True or false: the curves of the spine help to support the body's weight
True or false: the palatine bone is the cheekbone
false- palatine bone is in the mouth, cheekbone is zygomatic bone
the upper jaw bone is called the...
which of the following bones is not in the skull?
ribs that do not attach to costal cartilage at all are the....
which section of the vertebral column contains the most vertebrae?
true or false: the male and female skeleton differ in the shapes of the pelvis
True or false: the patella is above the kneecap
False- it is the kneecap, it is not above it
True or false: the olecranon process is another term for the elbow
the bones of the lower arm are the...
radius and ulna
the tarsals are located in the...
True or false: another term for skeletal muscle is involuntary muscle
false- skeletal muscle is voluntary
True or false: all muscles contract
True or false: Actin is the thin myofilament in a muscle fiber
the connective tissue that attaches muscle to bone is...
the basic contractile unit of a skeletal muscle is the...
muscle contraction occurs when...
the Z-lines are pulled closer together
True or false: an example of abduction is raising your arm laterally away from your body
True or false: Dorsiflection allows a ballerina to stand on her toes
False- plantar flexion
True or false: moving your hand from a pronated to a supinated positions requires rotation of the forearm
moving a part of the body towards the midline of the body is called...
the opposite of eversion of the foot is...
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