Module 18: Trait and Social-Cognitive Perspectives on Personality
Aspects of personality that are relatively consistent.
Individual's characterisitc pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting.
Perspective stating that understanding personality involves considering how people are affected by a particular situation, by what they have learned, by how they think, and by how they interact socially.
American psychologist and trait theorist who researched the idea that individual personalities are unique; listed more than 18,000 ways to describe people.
English psychologist who researched whether some traits predicted others; he proposed 16 key personality dimensions or factors to describe personality.
German psychologist who researched the genetically influenced dimensions of personality, including extraversion and introversion.
Questionnaires on which people respond to items designed to guage a range of feelings and behaviors; used to assess selected personality traits.
Extent to which a test measures or predicts what it is supposed to test.
Extent to which a test yields consistent results, regardless of who gives the test of when or where it is given.
Canadian-American psychologist who developed the social-cognitive perspective and believed that to undertsand personality on must consider the situation and the person's thoughts before, during, and after an event.
Who developed the "Bobo doll" experiment?
Mutual influences between personality and environmental factors.
external locus of control
Perception that chance, or forces beyond your control, determines your fate.
internal locus of control
Perception that you control your own fate.
Hopeless feelings when an animal of human can't avoid repeated bad events.
American psychologist who researched helplessness before turning his interests to optimism; he has been the primary proponent of positive psychology.
Movement in psychology that focuses on the study of optimal human functioning and the factors that allow individuals and communities to thrive.