Terms in this set (17)
treaty of westphalia
1648, ended the 30 Year War and created the state system.
the concert of europe
a conference to resolve foreign policy issues, included Russia, Austria, Prussia, and Britain. used to control French aggression and Russia's military. The problems and policies that were discussed were both small and large, but in the end were all decided on with care as to maintain peace in Europe, which they took very seriously. 1815
Int'l peace conference of 1899 and 1907. Called by Russia. Main purpose to purpose an arms reduction plan. produced several major procedural innovations. promoted novel ideas of common interests of humankind and the codification of intl law. failed to establish world court but served as an example for League of Nations
public international unions
ie: intl telegraph union, universal postal union. important organizational innovation.
legacy of 19th cent
established new approaches to problems of joint concern such as multilateral diplomacy of concert system, cooperative institutions of the public intl unions, and broader legalistic institutions of hague system.
published "la societe de nations in 1908. president of league's council. won nobel peace prize in 1920
roots of the league
wartime allied cooperation, supreme war council, wartime peace plans, most famous is wilson's 14 points, david lloyd george and colonel house, treaty of versailles
supreme war council
established by Allied powers in October 1917 in a move to coordinate their war efforts. Held regular meetings of the prime ministers of France, Britain, and Italy, as well as a US representative sent by Woodrow Wilson.
david lloyd george
He was the British representative at the Paris Peace Conference in 1919. He pushed for a revenge-based treaty at Versailles, hampering the 14 points.
He was openly pro-British and was sent to Europe by Wilson to mediate. He would tolerate no interference in matters of foreign policy.
wilson's 14 points
speech given to congress 1918 to promote peace by woodrow wilson.
wrote "The practical suggestion", president of south africa, wanted to abolish racial segregation, establishment of league of nations relied on him and he urged the formation of UN.
treaty of versailles
Created by the leaders victorious allies Nations: France, Britain, US, and signed by Germany to help stop WWI. The treaty 1)stripped Germany of all Army, Navy, Airforce. 2) Germany had to rapair war damages(33 billion) 3) Germany had to acknowledge guilt for causing WWI 4) Germany could not manefacture any weapons.
essential features of the league
membership, promote peace, prevent war, economic cooperation, self-determination of peoples, abolish secret treaties.
assembly, council, secretariat, satellite orgs, autonomous organs, 2.5 million budget
30 disputes in 10 years, greco-bulgarian crisis 1925, aborted geneva protocol of 1924, gran chaco war 1928-36
manchurian crisis 1931, ethiopia 1934
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