Unit 1 Vocabulary
Terms in this set (26)
an institution through which leaders exercise power to make and enforce laws affecting the people under its control
absence of government
a large aggregate of people united by common descent, history, culture, or language, inhabiting a particular country or territory.
A body of people living in a defined territory who have a government with the power to make and enforce law without the consent of any higher authority
A government where decisions are solely made by the governing body of the state, without input of outside power or authority.
a plan that provides the rules for government and provides rules that shape the actions of government
a system of government created by the whole population or all the eligible members through election.
system of government characterized by strong central power and limited political freedoms
An organized way in which a state or nation allocates its land, resources, services, and goods and apportions them to the national community.
an economic system that emphasizes private ownership of the factors of production, freedom of choice, and individual incentives.
a political and economic system, containing only one class, the working class. All property is held in common and the goal is no need for government. Ironically, communism has evolved into a system in which the government has total control.
an economic system in which the government plays a significant role in the economy, but it does not completely control it. It owns most land, industries, and other means of production.
all future generations of people
the fundamental beliefs and constitutional principles of the American nation
the introductory part of a statute or deed, stating its purpose, aims, and justification.
Articles of the US Constitution
One of seven main divisions of the body of the Constitution. They define the three branches government, explain the relationship of the states to one another and to the national government, the ways that the Constitution can be amended (changed, and address ratification (passing of laws).
a list of items, found in Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution, that set forth the authoritative capacity of Congress
Article I, Section 8, Clause 18 of the Constitution that gives Congress the right to "make all laws which shall be necessary and proper" to carry out the powers expressed in the other clauses of Article I
the formal accusation of misconduct in office
the limits or territory within which authority may be exercised
the power of the Supreme Court to declare laws and actions of local, state, or national governments unconstitutional
sign or give formal consent to, making it officially valid. Pass or accept.
a particular and separate article, stipulation, or provision in a treaty, bill, or contract.
Articles of Confederation
1st Constitution of the U.S. 1781-1788 (weaknesses-no executive, no judicial, no power to tax, no power to regulate trade)
A legislature consisting of two parts, or houses. House of Representatives and the Senate.
An adjective describing a legislative body with one chamber
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