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Age of Reason

exalting reason above the authority of Scripture

Scientific Method

pattern of thinking that uses the specific steps (5 steps)


Scientific Method step #1: Recognizing inadequacy of ______________


Scientific Method step #2 Gathering of ______________


Scientific Method step #3: Seeking to find a ____________


Scientific Method step #4: Choosing the ______________


Scientific Method step #5: ______________ the conclusion by observation

Nicolaus Copernicus

development of the Heliocentric theory (Astronomy)

Heliocentric Theory

theory that states that the sun is the center of the universe and that everything revolves around it

Johannes Kepler

concluded that the planets were elliptical, and revolved in oval-shaped orbits (Astronomy)

Galileo Galilei

best known for astronomer in history/ physics and pendulums, grandfather clock, telescopes

Isaac Newton

reflecting telescope, calculus, laws of gravity / Theory of Gravitation (light=combination of different colors) Laws of Gravity

Andreas Vesalius

"Father of Anatomy"/ Treatise on human anatomy


he was the first clinical study of disease and established the use of chemicals

William Harvey

"Father of Experimental Biology" heart and circulation of blood

Edward Jenner

invented the smallpox vaccinations

Robert Boyle

first to publish the law of inverse gas pressure

Joseph Priestley

discovered several important chemical substances/ closest friend was Ben Franklin

Antoine Lavoistier

"Father of Modern Chemistry"/ name "hydrogen" and law of conservation of matter

Anton van Leeuwenhoek

improved the microscope

Gerhardus Mercator

mapped the earth on a flat surface


looked to human reason as the solution for all of life's problems


reason is the only source of knowledge and truth

Sir Francis Bacon

inductive reasoning (from specific cases to general conclusions

Rene Dercartes

deductive reasoning from general conclutsions to more specific cases


two types of reality/ man can discover truth only with his reasoning

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