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26 terms

World History chapter 15: Age of Reason

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PLAY
Age of Reason
exalting reason above the authority of Scripture
Scientific Method
pattern of thinking that uses the specific steps (5 steps)
knowledge
Scientific Method step #1: Recognizing inadequacy of ______________
observations
Scientific Method step #2 Gathering of ______________
pattern
Scientific Method step #3: Seeking to find a ____________
conclusion
Scientific Method step #4: Choosing the ______________
verifying
Scientific Method step #5: ______________ the conclusion by observation
Nicolaus Copernicus
development of the Heliocentric theory (Astronomy)
Heliocentric Theory
theory that states that the sun is the center of the universe and that everything revolves around it
Johannes Kepler
concluded that the planets were elliptical, and revolved in oval-shaped orbits (Astronomy)
Galileo Galilei
best known for astronomer in history/ physics and pendulums, grandfather clock, telescopes
Isaac Newton
reflecting telescope, calculus, laws of gravity / Theory of Gravitation (light=combination of different colors) Laws of Gravity
Andreas Vesalius
"Father of Anatomy"/ Treatise on human anatomy
Paracelsus
he was the first clinical study of disease and established the use of chemicals
William Harvey
"Father of Experimental Biology" heart and circulation of blood
Edward Jenner
invented the smallpox vaccinations
Robert Boyle
first to publish the law of inverse gas pressure
Joseph Priestley
discovered several important chemical substances/ closest friend was Ben Franklin
Antoine Lavoistier
"Father of Modern Chemistry"/ name "hydrogen" and law of conservation of matter
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
improved the microscope
Gerhardus Mercator
mapped the earth on a flat surface
Enlightenment
looked to human reason as the solution for all of life's problems
Rationalism
reason is the only source of knowledge and truth
Sir Francis Bacon
inductive reasoning (from specific cases to general conclusions
Rene Dercartes
deductive reasoning from general conclutsions to more specific cases
Dualism
two types of reality/ man can discover truth only with his reasoning