Science 6 Chapter 15
Terms in this set (29)
common pathogens that cause diseases such as strep throat
occurs when a disease spreads to many people in a short period of time
pathogens that cause disease such as athlete's foot
largest known pathogens
insects or other animals that carry pathogens
a type of white blood cell that remembers a pathogen and the specific antibody needed to defeat it
the body's specific defense
a nonspecific defense with symptoms of redness, swelling, heat, and pain
the body's special protection against disease
a transparent fluid that helps carry white blood cells throughout the body
the first antibiotic to be discovered
white blood cells
identify and fight pathogens
What are most infections caused by?
special proteins produced by the white blood cells to destroy pathogens
occur when the immune system malfunctions and attacks the healthy cells it should protect
part of the body's specific defense and includes the tonsils, appendix, and spleen
the scientist who discovered the first antibiotic
one of the first scientists to identify that diseases are caused by microorganisms
anything that may cause a disease
anything that causes the immune system to have an allergic reaction
contain dead or weakened pathogens to provide immunity against disease
a scientist who studies the causes and spread of diseases
able to fight against more than one type of bacterial infection; can work against only bacterial infections and some types of fungi; chemical made by microorganisms that are able to destroy other organisms
made by the body to fight specific pathogens; able to destroy all types of pathogens
communicable and noncommunicable
classification of diseases
through the air; by contact; through contaminated food
How can pathogens be spread?
What caused disease and pain to become part of people's lives?
Allergies are not a disease and are not contagious. Our bodies react to allergens as if they were pathogens.
Describe allergies and how our bodies (with allergies) react to allergens.