SS8H3 Study Set A
Terms in this set (25)
The Stamp Act
1765; law that taxed printed goods, including: playing cards, documents, newspapers, etc.
French and Indian War
(1754-1763) War fought in the colonies between the English and the French for possession of the Ohio Valley area. The English won.
Britain planned to pay off its debt from the French and Indian War by..
passing new tax laws.
Colonists reaction to the Stamp Act
-protest and boycott
-"no taxation without representation"
-Formed the Stamp Act Congress
Colonist reaction to Tea Act
Boston Tea Party
American colonists who were determined to fight the British until American independence was won
American colonists who remained loyal to Britain and opposed the war for independence
Battle of Kettle Creek
American Revolution battle in GA; victory for Georgia as the militia was able to defeat and gain supplies from the British
Place where Washington's army spent the winter of 1777-1778, a 4th of troops died here from disease and malnutriton, Steuben comes and trains troops
Articles of Confederation
1st Constitution of the U.S. 1781-1788 (weaknesses-no executive, no judicial, no power to tax, no power to regulate trade)
Why did the authors of the Articles of Confederation want a federal government with little power?
They were reacting to the abuses from the King of England.
Declaration of Independence
Signed in 1776 by US revolutionaries; it declared the United States as a free state.
Proclamation of 1763
A proclamation from the British government which forbade British colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains, and which required any settlers already living west of the mountains to move back east.
Introduction to the Constitution
a formal or explicit statement or announcement of independence.
Grievances Against the King
Suspending Legislatures, quartering of troops, limiting trade, taxation without representation
Siege of Savannah
American Revolution battle in GA; loss for Georgia as the militia and continental army failed to retake GA's capital city from British control
Battle of Yorktown
the last major battle of the American Revolution
Battle of Saratoga
Turning point of the American Revolution. It was very important because it convinced the French to give the U.S. military support. It lifted American spirits, ended the British threat in New England by taking control of the Hudson River, and, most importantly, showed the French that the Americans had the potential to beat their enemy, Great Britain.
Battle of Lexington and Concord
The first military engagement of the Revolutionary War. It occurred on April 19, 1775, when British soldiers fired into a much smaller body of minutemen on Lexington green.
Sons of Liberty
A group of colonists who formed a secret society to oppose British policies at the time of the American Revolution
in response to Boston Tea Party, 4 acts passed in 1774, Port of Boston closed, reduced power of assemblies in colonies, permitted royal officers to be tried elsewhere, provided for quartering of troop's in barns and empty houses
incident in 1770 in which British troops fired on and killed 5 American colonists.
United States Constitution
1787, Continental Congress made a constitution after Articles of Confederation failed; It included a central government divided into three branches (president, Senate, House of Representatives, and Supreme Court) and controlled by checks and balances. The Bill of Rights were ten amendments to the new constitution that guaranteed rights of freedom to citizens; made a national gov't that controlled taxes, army, trade, and currency.
the idea that all humans are born with rights, which include the right to life, liberty, and property