Unit 1 Test
Terms in this set (16)
Self-Government in the Colonies
1. House of Burgesses
2. Mayflower Compact
3. Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
4. Town Meetings
French and Indian War (1754-1763)
Fought between the colonies of British America and New France, supported by military units from their parent countries. Hostilities intensified between the two as they both attempted to colonize land in the Ohio Valley. It marked the beginning of conflicts between Great Britain and the American colonists. (Dates)
- allowing colonies to self-govern as long as they continue economic loyalty (mercantilism)
- an English policy of relaxing the enforcement of regulations in its colonies in return for the colonies' continued economic loyalty
- colonies developed their own economies and trade practices
-Power is held by the people and exercised through the efforts of representatives elected by the people.
-Virginia House of Burgess first practiced in colonies
A system in which goods and slaves were traded among the Americas, Britain, and Africa
Features of the New England Colonies
large growth trees (timbers), fishing and harbors, small farms and rocky soil
People who could not afford passage to the colonies could become indentured servants. Another person would pay their passage, and in exchange, the indentured servant would serve that person for a set length of time (usually seven years) and then would be free.
Causes of the French and Indian War
1. Colonial rivalries btwn. Great Britain and France. 2. France and Great Britain traded with different Native American groups for fur. 3. France and Great Britain arm the Native Americans. 4. Disputed land claims in Ohio River Valley (both sides wanted the same fur-rich land)
Climate of Southern Colonies
Longest growing season
perfect for plantation system
(1215) Limited rights of king. a charter of liberties (freedoms) that King John of England was forced to sign; it made the king obey the same laws as the citizens of his kingdom.
economic system where mother country profits by getting raw materials from the colonies and selling the colonies manufactured goods.
Proclamation of 1763
A proclamation from the British government which forbade British colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains, and which required any settlers already living west of the mountains to move back east. Attempt to avoid Native American/ colonists conflicts over land
Albany Plan of Union
plan proposed by Benjamin Franklin in 1754 that aimed to unite the 13 colonies for trade, military, and other purposes; the plan was turned down by the colonies because they feared loss of individual colony rights
Documents granted by the Monarch to private individuals, companies, and groups of settlers in the new American colonies, authorizing a degree of self-government, setting the precedent of written contracts defining governmental power.
Cash crops in the colonies
tobacco, rice, indigo
The 16 judges that were added by the Judiciary Act of 1801 that were called this because Adams signed their appointments late on the last day of his administration.
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