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Foundations and constitution
Terms in this set (35)
All of the following are ways that the legislative branch can check the powers of the executive branch EXCEPT
Congress may pass a law declaring a presidential action unconstitutional
The practical effect of this clause has been to
Allow the national government to extend its powers beyond those enumerated in the Constitution
Interpretations of this clause have been central attempts to define the nature of which of the following aspects of the United States political system?
The clause in the United States Constitution that states federal law will prevail in the event of a conflict between federal and state law is known as the
Based on Federalist 21, which of the following arguments about the government would Hamilton likely agree with?
Under federalism, the states retain more power than the national government
The Connecticut (Great) Compromise drafted at the Constitutional Convention of 1787 is significant for which of the following reasons?
It proposed a Senate with equal representation for each state and a House of Representatives with membership established according to the population of each state
Which of the following ideals of democracy would the attorneys for the same sex couple most likely put forth as their argument?
Natural rights of life and liberty include the right to marry whom you choose
As originally ratified, the United Stated Constitution included provisions designed to
Increase the economic powers of the central government
According to James Madison, which of the following best controls the effects of factions?
A large republic
Which of the following statements best explains why these efforts have been unsuccessful?
The framers made the amendment process difficult in order to protect individual rights
Brutus was an example of an Anti-Federalist because he
Believed a centralized government posed a major threat to individual rights
The debates between Federalists and Anti-Federalists were primarily about which of the following issues?
The scope of power of the central government
Which of the following accurately characterizes the main difference between elite theories and pluralist theories of politics in the United States
Elite theories argue that a single minority dominates politics in all policy areas; pluralist theories argue that many minorities compete for power in different policy areas
All of the following were concerns about the Articles of Confederation that led to the calling of the Constitutional Convention of 1787 EXCEPT
Dissatisfaction over safeguards of individual rights and liberties
The term "bicameralism" refers to the
Establishment of two legislative chambers that have different structures and rules
Which constitutional ideal of democracy is demonstrated in this scenario?
The framers of the Constitution all believed that one of the primary functions of government is
Protecting individual property rights
The Connecticut (Great) Compromise provided for
A bicameral legislature with one house's composition based upon state population and another's on equal state representation
Constitutional checks and balances, especially applied to the president, are designed to
Minimize the threat of tyranny from any one branch of government
Which of the following statements best reflects James Madison's beliefs about political representation as expressed in the passage?
People should elect political representatives who are wealthy enough to avoid corruption
The reserved powers of the state governments can best be described as those powers
Not specifically granted to the national government or denied to the states
Which of the following features of the United States Constitution would most concern the author of Brutus 1
The supremacy clause, which gives the federal government supremacy over the states
In The Federalist 10? James Madison argued that the new constitution would help control faction by doing which of the following?
By creating a large republic, the new constitution made it less likely that a faction could gain enough power to completely dominate
The president cannot veto which of the following?
Joint resolutions that propose constitutional amendments
In the 1780s, proponents of the new Constitution cited Shays Rebellion as an example in support of which of the following criticisms of the national government under the Articles of Confederation?
There was a lack of a national military power to address security concerns
The framers of the Constitution intended to establish
A representative republic
In the Constitution as originally ratified in 1788, the provisions regarding which of the following most closely approximate popular, majoritarian democracy?
Election of members of the House of Representatives
All of the following issues were decided at the Constitutional Convention EXCEPT
Voting qualifications of the electorate
After a constitutional amendment has been proposed by both houses of Congress, its adoption requires
Ratification by three-fourths of the states
American political culture is characterized by strong popular support for all of the following EXCEPT
The Tenth Amendment to the Constitution has been interpreted by the Supreme Court to
Reserve powers to the states
Enumerated powers of the federal government include all of the following EXCEPT the power to
Regulate intrastate commerce
For which of the ideals of democracy does this quote provide a foundation?
One example of constitutional checks and balances is
Presidential vetoes of laws can be overridden by a simple majority vote in both the House and the Senate
The supremacy clause in the Constitution states that
Federal law takes precedence over state law when the laws conflict
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