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Art Appreciation Chapter 2
Terms in this set (76)
Which English artist and poet suggested that drawing is a fundamental artistic skill?
Leonardo da Vinci engaged in which activity—banned by the Church—in order to get detailed drawings of the human anatomy?
When Raphael transferred his drawing of The School of Athens to the wall for painting, what substance did he force through perforations in the paper?
Historically, when artists used silverpoint for a drawing they did so on wood that was covered with a thin coating of ________.
Which material looks and writes like lead, was discovered in the mid-1500s, and became the medium for use in pencils?
How did artist D. J. Hall use color pencil to achieve rich color and intense light effects in her work Piece of Cake?
She pressed the pencil aggressively into the paper.
The German artist Käthe Kollwitz used charcoal to express ________ in her self-portrait of 1933, even though she rendered her face and hand in a static, realistic way.
A Sense of Energy
Chalk, pastel, and crayon are created using pigment with a binder. Which of the following is a binder?
Gum Arabic, Wax, Oil, and Glue
Robert Rauschenberg created a work titled Erased de Kooning Drawing by erasing a work by the Abstract Expressionist artist Willem de Kooning. How long did it take Rauschenberg to erase the whole drawing?
Nearly a month
Which of these is not used to make the bristles for a brush with a bamboo shaft, for example those used by Asian artists?
Wolf Hair, Horse Hair, Goat Hair, and Ox Hair
Paper was invented by Cai Lun in China around the end of the ________century CE. He used macerated vegetable fibers suspended in water.
Life drawing is the process of:
Drawing from a live model.
While recovering from the effects of childhood polio and a disabling back injury, Frida Kahlo expressed her feelings about her life in a sketchbook. The works within it, such as "Eyesaurus," were often done in which wet media?
Pigment names are often derived from their source. For example the pigment that we call umber is named after ________.
a zinc extraction process
The brown soil of Umbria, Italy
Images were painted using a saliva-and-pigment solution on cave walls at Pech Merle, France ________ years ago.
The Roman-era encaustic portraits from Fayum are excellent examples of Roman painting in wax. What was Fayum?
Fresco painting was practiced in which of these locations?
Egyptian tombs, Roman houses, the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel and the palace at Knossos
José Clemente Orozco, a Mexican muralist, worked in fresco. He wrote about the medium of painting, and called it "a ________ and nothing else."
Why is egg tempera a challenging medium for artists to work with?
It dries almost immediately
Linseed oil came into general use as a painting binder in the fifteenth century, particularly in the following country:
Such artists as Jan van Eyck took advantage of the transparency of oil paint glazes to attain a rich ________, as though their painting was lit from within.
Artemisia Gentileschi lived at a time when women were not easily accepted into the art profession, but she was supported by her ________, who was also an artist.
Which painter and watercolorist was the first woman to have her work shown at the Louvre during her lifetime?
The binder used to suspend pigment in acrylic paint is ________.
Why would graffiti artist Banksy use stencils to transfer his artworks onto walls?
Speed of application is important to graffiti artists, who often risk arrest for defacing public property.
In order to give his students an example of underpainting, the French artist Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres created an entire painting in gray values. This type of gray underpainting is referred to as:
Printing with inks was first practiced in which country in the third century CE?
The German artist Albrecht Dürer created "The Four Horsemen" using which relief printmaking method?
When creating a multi-color print, aligning the blocks or plates to ensure that the colors will appear in the correct location is called ________.
Hokusai and Albrecht Dürer were printmakers who lived at different times and in different countries, but they had this in common:
They both relied on skilled craftsmen to execute their print editions
Why do many contemporary printmakers prefer linocut to woodblock printing?
Because it is softer than wood and does not show the grain
Max Beckmann exploited the irregular character of drypoint for his print Adam and Eve because it matched the style of the ________ group with whom he was affiliated.
This material, derived from tree sap, is used in aquatint printmaking: a process that emulates the appearance of water-based media.
The Mexican artist Rufino Tamayo worked with a print shop that allowed him to incorporate handmade paper into his lithographs. What was the name of this innovative print shop?
Collagraph printing is different to relief or intaglio methods, because:
The artist builds up rather than cuts into the surface that is to be inked
Which German author devised the lithographic printing process because he wanted to use a cheaper printing method?
At one point in the lithography process, the artist must wipe the stone clean with which solvent to prepare for the inking?
Andy Warhol produced silkscreen prints depicting many celebrities, including a work titled Four ________.
Nearly all printmaking is done in editions, but some artists will opt to create unique prints. These are called:
Both monotype prints and monoprints
A relief sculpture is one that is designed to be seen from one side. The two kinds of relief sculpture are: ________, which is deeply cut, and ________, which has little depth.
High relief; bas-relief
Even though it is a freestanding sculpture, Sculpture of the Lady Sennuwy was made to be displayed in what fashion?
With its back to a pillar or wall
Which ruler of Renaissance Florence commissioned artist Giambologna to create a sculpture that symbolized the city's strength?
Francesco de' Medici
Which of the following is not a method of carving?
Michelangelo used this Italian term, which refers to nudity, to describe the figures he intended to use for the tomb of Pope Julius II:
The Hawaiian sculpture of a war god (2.4.9) is a composition that represents how many different gods?
The bronze sculpture Riace Warrior A was created as ________ representation of the human body.
The massive earthwork the Great Serpent Mound is made of mounds of earth that resemble a snake eating ________.
The Constructivist movement in art is associated with which historical European country?
The Soviet Union
Naum Gabo's Constructed Head No. 2 investigates the sense of ________ and form implied by flat planes, in contrast to the solid mass of conventional sculpture.
The practice of gathering objects and fabricating them into a work of art is called:
Sculpture that moves is called ________ sculpture.
Antony Gormley's Asian Field is a vast ________ artwork made up of small clay figures.
The Maya lintel showing Shield Jaguar and Lady Xoc is a limestone relief sculpture that was probably created with stone hammers and wooden drills because:
Maya sculptors had no metal tools
When light-sensitive film is exposed to light, _______ image is formed.
The ________ was an early form of camera.
Early photographer William Henry Fox Talbot discovered how to make positive prints that could be:
The earliest photographs were black and white because:
Color processes were not invented until the 1880s
Which of the following processes produces full-color photographs?
Because they consider the camera a machine that captures an image of an event exactly as it occurred, some viewers believe that the resulting photograph is ________ record of events.
A totally reliable
How did photographer Steve McCurry decide to mark the end of the production of Kodachrome film?
By using the final roll to produce a series of portraits
Unlike a photocollage, a photomontage is made to be ________.
Like other contemporary photographers, Carrie Mae Weems returned to historic processes in her work. Which of the following statements describes her project From Here I Saw What Happened and I Cried?
Revisiting historic daguerreotypes of slaves in the U.S. by adding text and color
Photographs have only recently been widely collected by fine art museums because for a long time they were considered by some not to be ________.
True forms of art
Garry Winogrand's practice of taking photographs that were not posed or set up in advance was known as:
The snapshot aesthetic
The kinds of artworks made using alternative media are ________.
Performance art, conceptual art, installations, and environments
This twentieth-century artist, and creator of Fountain (a factory-made urinal), was very influential for later artists working in alternative media.
The traditional, and narrow, definition of "fine art" includes ________.
Paintings on canvas and sculptures on pedestals
Performance art differs from theater because ________.
The actions usually take place in an art context
The most important aspect of a piece of conceptual art is ________.
The idea behind the artwork
Jean Tinguely's Homage to New York, a mechanized assemblage of discarded junk, was influenced by:
Marcel Duchamp's readymades, the painting techniques of Jackson Pollock, and the rebellious performances of Dada artists
Barbara Kruger's Belief + Doubt = (Sanity) makes the viewer consider which of the following issues?
Stereotypes that are common in visual culture, powerful institutions; such as museums, problematic aspects of consumerism and issues related to women
What do Yoko Ono's Wish Tree and Molly Gochman's Red Sand Project have in common?
They rely on participants for their completion
An important difference between Coyote, I Like America and America Likes Me and Following Piece is that Following Piece took place ________.
On the streets of New York
When Marina Abramović performed The Artist is Present at MoMA in 2010, she did not speak or move, but created what she called a/an "________" with participants.
consider how the viewer will move through the space, transform the traditional space of an exhibition, immerse viewers in the artwork and can take place inside or outside
Both Yinka Shonibare's Mobility and Kara Walker's Insurrection! (Our Tools Were Rudimentary, Yet We Pressed On) combine ________.
Socio-economic conditions and contemporary viewpoints
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