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Arts and Humanities
Public Speaking Midterm
Terms in this set (23)
Source --> Message --> Channel (Noise) --> Message --> Receiver
Describe the process of public speaking
Feedback and context
How is communication interactive in a speech?
Source/Receiver <----> Receiver/Source
What is the Transactive model of communication?
listened to town criers and the speeches of impassioned patriots
How did eighteenth century Americans practice rhetoric?
heard speakers such as Henry Clay and Daniel Webster debate state's rights; Frederick Douglas argue for the abolition of slavery; and Lucretia Mott plead for women's suffrage; Mark twain and his lecture circuits
How did nineteenth century Americans practice rhetoric?
What form of public speaking was popular in the nineteenth century?
Radio and television
What made it possible in the twentieth century to hear speeches?
Which philosopher formulated guidelines which speakers still follow today?
Select and narrow your topic -> Determine purpose -> Develop central idea -> Generate main ideas -> Gather supporting material -> Organize speech -> Rehearse speech -> Deliver speech
Describe the model of the speechmaking process.
typically a one sentence summary
How long is a central idea in a speech?
Inform, persuade, entertain
What are the 3 general purposes for speeches?
Rehearse, rehearse, rehearse
What are the 3 most important "R's" in public speaking?
Biology: trait (characteristic or tendency) and a state (anxiety triggered by a specific incident)
What makes you nervous before giving a public speech?
Know your audience, don't procrastinate, select an appropriate topic, be prepared, be organized, know intro and conclusion, etc
How can you build your confidence as a public speaker?
understand what it is, know that there are serious consequences, do your own work, acknowledge your sources, take careful notes, cite sources correctly
How can you avoid plagiarism?
Select, attend, understand, remember, respond
How can you practice effective listening?
Recognize when you are not being a good listener: sit up straight, focus and look at the speaker
How can you overcome barriers in effective listening?
What is central to the speechmaking process?
1. Gather information about your audience
2. Analyze the information you have gathered
3. Use your information to ethically adapt to your listeners
What are the 3 steps to becoming an audience-centered speaker?
1. Get audience's attention
2. Give audience reason to listen
3. Introduce the subject
4. Establish your credibility
5. Preview your main ideas
A good introduction should perform what five important functions?
1. Be well prepared for your speech, and appear confident
2. Tell the audience of your personal experiences with your topic
What are two ways in which a speaker can establish their credibility?
Summarize the speech and to provide closure
What are the purposes of conclusions?
1. Use a method that can also be used for introductions (startling facts, humor, quotes)
2. Give references to the introduction (reminding them)
3. Inspirational appeals or challenges
List 3 ways to effectively conclude your speech.
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