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25 terms

Chapter 5 - The American Revolution

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government
the laws and people that rule a country
French and Indian war
war between Great Britian and France
Stamp Act
placed taxes on items like newspapers and pamphlets
Patriots
colonists who were against British rule
Loyalists
colonists who remained loyal to Britain
militia
a volunteer group of soldiers
American Revolution
war fought by the 13 colonies to gain their freedom from Great Britain
Continental Congress
a meeting of colonial leaders to talk about how they should deal with Great Britain
Declaration of Independence
a document written by Thomas Jefferson explaining why the 13 colonies should be free of British rule
George Washington
first President of the United States who fought in the French and Indian War and led the Continental Army during the American Revolution
William Johnson
British leader who convinced the Iroquois not to take sides in the French and Indian War
Ethan Allen
leader of the Green Mountain Boys who captured Fort Ticonderoga from the British in the American Revolution
John Jay
wrote many important papers during the Continental Congress
Thomas Jefferson
wrote the Declaration of Independence
Fort Niagara
fort built by the French at the mouth of the Niagara River
Fort Ticonderoga
fort located between Lake George and Lake Champlain
surrender
to give up
retreat
to turn back
Battle of Saratoga
battle won by the Americans - it helped convince France that the Americans could win the Revolutionary War
Battle of Yorktown
final battle of the Revolutionary War
Sarah Jay
wife of patriot John Jay
Sybil Ludington
daughter of a colonel in the New York milita - she warned militia members that the British had arrived in Danbury
John Burgoyne
British general who was defeated at the Battle of Saratoga
Joseph Brant
Mohawk leader who sided with the British at the Battle of Oriskany
Horatio Gates
American general who defeated the British at the Battle of Saratoga