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Terms and names for WWII Test
Terms in this set (35)
A series of court proceedings held in Nuremberg, Germany, after World War II, in which Nazi leaders were tried for aggression, violations of the rules of war, and crimes against humanity.
A noted British statesman who led Britain throughout most of World War II and along with Roosevelt planned many allied campaigns.
The President of the United States during the Depression and WWII. He instituted the New Deal. Served from 1933 to 1945, he was the only president in U.S. history to be elected to four terms
May 8, 1945; victory in Europe Day when the Germans surrendered
Battle of the Bulge
1944-1945 battle in which Allied forces turned back the last major German offensive of World War II
Battle of Stalingrad
Unsuccessful German attack on the city of Stalingrad during World War II from 1942 to 1943, that was the furthest extent of German advance into the Soviet Union.
'The _____ ______ for the Jewish Question' was the cover name for Hitler's plan to destroy all the Jews in Europe, It began in December 1941
..., United States military base on Hawaii that was bombed by Japan, bringing the United States into World War II. _______ ________ was attacked on December 7, 1941.
Battle of Britain
An aerial battle fought in World War II in 1940 between the German Luftwaffe (air force), which carried out extensive bombing in Britain, and the British Royal Air Force (RAF), which offered successful resistance.
"Lighting war", typed of fast-moving warfare used by German forces against Poland in 1939
Japanese suicide pilots who loaded their planes with explosives and crashed them into American ships.
popularly known as The Desert Fox, was a German Field Marshal of World War II. Led forces into Africa
French and British troops wait for German attack along the Maginot line
Gov in Vichy France that had "own leader" which was Petain but was actually controlled by Hitler.
was the codename for Nazi Germany's invasion of the Soviet Union during World War II that commenced on June 22, 1941. the largest military operation in WWII.
American general, who commanded allied troops in the Pacific during World War II.
A military strategy used during World War II that involved selectively attacking specific enemy-held islands and bypassing others
A methodical plan orchestrated by Hitler to ensure German supremacy. It called for the elimination of Jews, non-conformists, homosexuals, non-Aryans, and mentally and physically disabled.
German Nazi dictator during World War II (1889-1945), Nazi leader and founder; had over 6 million Jews assassinated during the Holocaust, committed suicide
(1883-1945) - Fascist dictator of Italy from 1922-1943. Wanted to recreate the Roman Empire. Teamed with Hitler and Japan to form the Axis powers
(D) It was a global economic crisis that began in 1929, shortly after World War I. It was caused by the crash of the American stock market, which influenced countries worldwide. Other causes include collapse of agricultural prices, unemployment, waning optimism, and unequal levels of demand and production. Due to the intricate system of loans and economic ties the US had with Europe, the whole world was affected. Hoover was President with this started
Russian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition (1879-1953)
A political system in which the government has total control over the lives of individual citizens.
1917 uprising in Russia led by Vladimir Lenin which established a communist government and withdrew Russia from World War I.
A policy of making concessions to an aggressor in the hopes of avoiding war/keeping peace. Associated with Neville Chamberlain's policy of making concessions to Adolf Hitler.
the code name of the attack that they planned against Germany were they surround them so they have no chance of winning aka D-day
September 2, 1945 on the USS Missouri
Type of bomb built during WORLD WAR II that was more powerful than any built before it.
A governmental system led by a dictator having complete power, forcibly suppressing opposition and criticism, regimenting all industry, commerce, etc., and emphasizing an aggressive nationalism and often racism. EXTREME form of nationalism
June 6, 1944 - Led by Eisenhower, over a million troops (the largest invasion force in history) stormed the beaches at Normandy and began the process of re-taking France. The turning point of World War II.
East European nation whose september 1939 invasion by Hitler set off WWII in Europe, taken after WWII started
Mussolini looked to avenge an earlier loss in this northern Africa country
Reason why Japan attacked the U.S., cut off all supplies
Adolf Hitler believed they were they leading race and should make a great civilization. They were threatened by the inferior Slavs.
A conflict that was between the US and the Soviet Union. The nations never directly confronted each other on the battlefield but deadly threats went on for years. By product of WWII
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