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ap hug chapter 8
Terms in this set (47)
A state that encompasses a very small land area.
A territory that is legally tied to a sovereign state rather than completely independent.
Attempt by one country to establish settlements and to impose its political, economic, and cultural principles in another territory.
An area organized into a political unit and ruled by an established government with control over its internal and foreign affairs.
A state whose territory corresponds to that occupied by a particular ethnicity that has been transformed into a nationality
Ability of a state to govern its territory free from control of its internal affairs by other states.
The people's Republic of China, Taiwan, and Japan all claim sovereignty over these islands.
-China and Taiwan= historically belong to them
-Japanese government illegally seized them in 1895
A sovereign state comprising a city and its immediate hinterland.
State that contains two or more ethnic groups with traditions of self-determination that agree to coexist peacefully by recognizing each other as distinct nationalities.
Dissolution of the Soviet Union
weakening of the Soviet government led to a series of events, gradual process that took place from about 19 January 1990 to 31 December 1991
Russia's multiethnic state
Conflict in Ukraine
Russia annexed the Crimea region of Ukraine which we did not support resulting in U.S.-Russian relation being the worst since the cold war
A zone separating two states in which neither state exercises political control.
An invisible line that marks the extent of a state's territory
coincide with significant features of the natural landscape
follow the distribution of cultural characteristics
based on human constructs, such as straight lines
Cyprus gained independence from GB in 1960. Greek and Turkish residents never integrated peacefully. conflict ensued. Since 1973 a buffer zone patrolled by the UN soldiers stretches across the entire island to prevent either group from crossing to the other side. In 2003 restrictions eased as part of a plan to reunite the 2 portions.
Law of the sea
Territorial Waters (Up to 12 Nautical Miles From Shore)- A state may set laws regulating passage by ships registered in other states;
Contiguous Zone (12-24 Nautical Miles From Shore)- A state may enforce laws about pollution, taxation, customs, and immigration;
Exclusive Economic Zone (24-200 Nautical Miles From Shore)- A state has sole right to fish and other marine life
the distance from the center to any boundary does not vary significantly
has a long and narrow shape
A state that includes several discontinuous pieces of territory.
an otherwise compact state with a large projecting extension
a state that completely surrounds another one
A large, complex organization composed of appointed officials
country where a single party controls the government and every aspect of the lives of the people
"Rule by theft," where those in power seek only to drain the state of assets and resources
government of the wealthy
A country that is not fully democratic or fully autocratic, but rather displays a mix of the two types.
A form of government in which powers are divided between a central government and several local governments.
Process of redrawing legislative boundaries for the purpose of benefiting the party in power.
opposition supporters are spread across many districts but in the minority
politically and socially it favors "conservative" or "traditional" values and wants things to stay the same or return to how they used to be. Economically- it believes that the government should stay out of people's affairs
distant areas of like-minded voters are linked through oddly shaped boundaries
the process by which districts or other geographic constituencies are created for the purposes of elections
opposition supporters are concentrated into a few districts
balance of power
distribution of military and economic power that prevents any one nation from becoming too strong
A conflict that was between the US and the Soviet Union. The nations never directly confronted each other on the battlefield but deadly threats went on for years.
a military alliance among 16 democratic states, including the United States and Canada plus 14 european states
The EU formed in 1958 with six members. The EU was designed to heal scars from World War II
OAS (Organization of American States)
All 35 western hemisphere states except Cuba
Promotes social, cultural, political & economic links among members
The systematic use of violence by a group calculated to create an atmosphere of fear and alarm among a population or to coerce a government into actions it would not otherwise undertake or refrain from actions it wants to take.
A ruling on a point of Islamic law that is given by a recognized authority
ex: Bin Laden argues that Muslims have a duty to wage a holy war against US citizens because the United States were responsible for maintaining the Saud royal family as rulers of Saudi Arabia and the State of Israel
A holy struggle or striving by a Muslim for a moral or spiritual or political goal
a Nigerian militant Islamist group that seeks the imposition of Shariah law throughout all 36 states of Nigeria
Islamic fundamentalist group; originally supported by U.S when fighting Russia in Afghanistan; anti-us; Osama ben Laden is Leader
A group of fundamentalist Muslims who took control of Afghanistan's government in 1996
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