Science Chapter 1 - Introduction to Earth Science
Terms in this set (37)
A way of learning about the natural world through observations and logical reasoning; leads to a body of knowledge.
The process of using one or more of your senses to gather information.
Making an inference; an interpretation based on observations and prior knowledge.
Forecasting what will happen in the future based on past experience or evidence.
The process of discovery in science; the ways in which scientists study the natural world and propose explanations based on evidence.
A possible explanation for an observation or answer to a scientific question; must be testable.
An experiment in which only one variable is manipulated at a time.
A factor that can change in an experiment.
The one factor that a scientist changes during an experiment; also called independent variable.
The factor that changes as a result of changes to the manipulated, or independent, variable in an experiment; also called dependent variable.
Facts, figures, and other evidence gathered through observations.
A well-tested concept that explains a wide range of observations.
The ability to do work or cause change.
Earth's envelope of gases.
Earth's water and ice. One of the four spheres into which scientists divide Earth.
A rigid layer made up of the uppermost part of the mantle and the crust.
All living things. One of the four spheres into which scientists divide Earth.
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
A disturbance that transfers energy from place to place; the movement of energy through a body of water.
The transfer of thermal energy between objects because of a difference in temperature.
The total energy of motion in the particles of a substance.
The science that focuses on planet Earth and its place in the universe.
The shape of the land determined by elevation, relief, and landforms.
Height above sea level
The difference in elevation between the highest and lowest parts of an area.
Landform of flat land with low relief.
A landform with high elevation and high relief.
A landform that has high elevation and a more or less level surface.
A flat model of all or part of Earth's surface as seen from above.
Used to compare distance on a map or globe to distance on Earth's surface.
A unit used to measure distances around a circle. One degree equals 1/360 of a full circle.
The distance in degrees from the equator.
The distance in degrees east or west of the prime meridian.
A map that shows the surface features of an area.
A line on a topographic map that connects points of equal elevation.
The difference in elevation from one contour line to the next.
On a topographic map, a heavier contour line that is labeled with elevation of that contour line in round units.