Upgrade to remove ads
ABNORMAL EXAM #2 (ch. 4-5)
Terms in this set (10)
What specific parts of the brain play a role in anxiety disorders, & how?
•Amygdala --- medication appears to directly decrease activity in the amygdala & thus "normalize" anxiety reactions - the part of the brain that helps us form & store memories associated with emotional events - plays a central role in triggering a state of fear or anxiety - involved in our recollection of intense emotions, particularly memories associated with danger
•Hippocampus --- stimulus activated the 2nd and slower pathway in which sensory signals travel to hippocampus and prefrontal cortex
•Prefrontal Cortex --- inhibit fear responses - input & evaluate any potential danger associated with the situation
•If this secondary fear circuit determines that no threat exists, signals are sent to the amygdala to curtail the HPA axis activity, thus overriding the initial fear response
•More precise mental processing of the event involving your hippocampus & prefrontal cortex provides reassurance, inhibit you fear, & reduce your anxiety
What is negative appraisal?
Interpreting events, even ambiguous ones, as threatening - have an increased likelihood of developing an anxiety disorder
What are some examples of "safety behaviors" in SAD?
•Avoiding eye contact, talking less, sitting alone, holding a glass tightly to prevent tremors, or wearing makeup to hide blushing
•Tend to be more socially submissive in an effort to avoid conflicts with others
What type of phobia has the earliest onset?
Applied tension is a treatment most useful for which type of phobia?
Blood/Injection/Injury Type Phobia
What is involved in CBT for panic disorder?
•Cognitive --- thinking/thought processes - reconstructing thoughts to be more rational & healthier/calm
•The cognitive part involves recognizing & changing catastrophic thoughts (EX: this is just a panic attack; it's uncomfortable but it will pass. I'm in control, & I'm not dying.")
•Behavioral --- modifying behavior - most commonly with exposure & relaxation for anxiety disorders
•The behavioral exposure happens in many ways:
-Develop for hierarchy
-Pairing relaxation with exposure to hierarchy
•Phobias: systematic desensitization/flooding
•Panic d/o: exposure & coping with panic symptoms
•GAD: exposure/worrisome thoughts while restricting/relaxing
What part of the brain cortex has been implicated in OCD?
•Orbitofrontal Cortex - which alerts the rest of the brain when something is wrong - related neural networks are associated
How many people treated for hoarding don't complete treatment...&why?
•30% of those treated with CBT for OCD do not achieve symptom relief - many clients discontinue therapy - do not complete treatment due to their extreme distress at the idea of parting with their possessions
What are the symptoms/criteria for adjustment disorder, & what are the common stressors that precipitate this diagnosis?
•Often involve mood or behavioral changes, including symptoms of anxiety or depression - main differentiating factor between normal adaptive stress & adjustment disorder is that a specific stressor precedes the symptoms seen in AD & that the person experiences an unusually intense reaction to the stressor
•Exposure to an identifiable stressor that results in the onset of significant emotional or behavioral symptoms that occur within 3 months of the event
•Emotional distress & behavioral symptoms that are out of proportion to the severity of the stressor & result in significant impairment in social, academic, or work-related functioning
•These symptoms last no longer than 6 months after the stressor or consequences of the stressor have ended
Be able to describe what the psychotherapy options for trauma-related disorders look like.
•Prolonged exposure therapy (PE) --- involves imaginary & real-life exposure to trauma-related cues - to avoided thoughts, places, or people can help individuals with PTSD realize that these situations do not present a danger and thus extinguish associated fear reactions. Includes asking participants to re-create the traumatic event in their imagination
•Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) & Trauma-Focused Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT) --- uses a combination of CBT techniques & trauma-sensitive principles, focus on helping clients identify & challenge dysfunctional cognitions about the traumatic event & current beliefs about themselves & others - address underlying dysfunctional thinking or pervasive concerns about safety
•Eye movement desensitization & processing (EMDR) --- a nontraditional & somewhat controversial therapy used to treat PTSD - this unique approach makes EDMR patients visualize their traumatic experience while following a therapist's fingers moving from side to side. The therapist prompts the client to substitute positive cognitions for negative cognitions associated with the experience
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
ABNORMAL EXAM #4 (ch. 14)
ABNORMAL EXAM #4 (ch. 13)
ABNORMAL EXAM #4 (ch. 11)
ABNORMAL EXAM #3 (ch. 10)
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
exam 2 review lecture notes
Eco- Chapter 1 quiz #11-20
FTM Chapters 9-10.2
Unit One Study Guide: The Quality of Our Water