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Blood Test Review
Terms in this set (27)
What is plasma?
Liquid component of blood
What is serum?
Plasma minus clotting factors
What is a genetic disease that has difficulty with clotting? African-American descent
Sickle cell anemia
Proper medical term for when blood clots
Stopping the flow of blood?
What is contained in blood that regulates the osmolarity of blood → so plasma doesn't leak out of blood vessels
Albumin → primary blood protein
What do we call any substance that gets into the body that stimulates the immune system?
What is a phenotype
How you present the gene, the physical trait you can identify
What do genes express
On a chromosome in the genomic makeup there are sequences of nucleic bases, three of them in a row will code for a specific amino acid. What do we call that set of three nucleotides?
What is your hematocrit
The ratio of red blood cells to the plasma (35-52% is normal depending on sex)
Name the 5 classifications of WBC
Neutrophil lymphocytes monocytes eosinophils basophils
BEN (basophils, eosinophils, neutrophils)
First to respond to antigens (WBC)
Which WBC secretes histamine
Which cell would activate first after an injury to a blood vessel
Platelets → thrombocytes
Normal platelet count
If platelet count falls below 50k, what condition would it be?
KNOW NORMAL BLOOD CELL COUNTS
4.5-5 mil RBC, 4-11k WBC
What is the process in which WBCs leak out of blood vessels to tissues to fight disease?
Hormone produced in the kidney that stimulates production of RBC
What is the official name of Rh- mom and Rh+ baby
What are 2 primary proteins needed for clotting
Fibrin and thrombin
Vitamin needed for RBC production
How long does a RBC last
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