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DMPR 2001 Mid term #1
Terms in this set (120)
Thanks to the internet, the idea of distribution
has been blown wide open.
The type of film projects that almost always involves receiving a paycheck for your work are
corporate and industrial projects.
When recording production audio, it is important to remember that
it is difficult or impossible to correct a sound or remove unwanted sound from a recording.
Audiences are forgiving
of low-quality visuals, but if they can't understand the audio they won't be engaged in the story.
If your camera has a built-in microphone,
it is probably low quality and will produce a tinny sound recorded from all directions.
have a wide coverage and sometimes pick up sounds you don't want.
work best if they are close to the subject of the sound.
have a low sensitivity to wind and breath sounds
A directional mic
can be farther from the recording subject than an omnidirectional mic.
The microphone that has a very narrow pickup pattern that rejects most sounds that are "off-axis" from the direction the mic is pointed is called
are more sensitive than dynamic mics.
Handheld mics used by talk show hosts and rock stars are usually
omnidirectional dynamic mics.
The input on a recording device designed to receive weak, quiet audio signals is called
a mic level input.
An example of a balanced audio connector is the
A lavalier microphone should be placed
about 8 to 12 inches from the performers mouth
Your primary concern when recording sound is
to get good audio from your foreground elements.
The best way for the boom operator to hold a shotgun mic is
to hold it above the talent with the mic pointed down toward the ground.
For almost all situations, the best recording option will be
the boom mic.
The bass response of any mic drops off over distance so the closer the mic is to the subject, the bassier it sounds. This difference in bass tone is called
the proximity effect
Sound is measured in
With digital audio, the ideal level is
between -12 and -20db.
In order to use multiple microphones and adjust audio levels you need
Once you have quiet on the set and you're ready to start shooting, the first thing you do is
call ""roll sound."
In order to be able to patch gaps in the soundtrack and to cover rough sound edits, you should
record room tone.
The one piece of equipment you should always have when recording audio is
Ideally, you usually want to use a condenser mike because
it delivers the best quality.
Radio speakers can concentrate on
displaying personal warmth.
Which of the following is NOT an asset of radio as a medium of communication?
It's great for detailed instructions, tests and long lists.
When you write radio for the eye and not the ear,
you can expect your listeners to recall your content
Which of the following is NOT a liability of radio as a medium of communication?
Radio time is expensive relative to other media.
Because listeners can't see radio speakers, their ability to distinguish between voices is limited. For that reason, you should use no more than
When writing for radio, you should
involve the listener in the creative process.
Hums in your recorded audio could be caused by
interference from all of the above.
The process of watching, assessing and listing your sound requirements is called
Radio is often a secondary medium because
the listener's attention is focused on some other activity
A "temp mix" is done by
the picture editor.
Regardless of the equipment manufacturer, sounds that fall exactly at unity
should have the same volume on any piece of hardware or software.
Digital audio that is too loud
Hearing the audio at variable speeds as you drag your mouse through a clip is possible only if the editing app has
Changes in the tone of your audio could be caused by
changes in microphone placement.
A change in audio tone
can be masked by a bed of room tone.
The process of arranging your dialogue tracks so speakers are separated onto separate tracks is called
ADR is a technique used to
replace badly recorded production dialogue.
fix a muffed line.
insert dialogue that could not be recorded on location.
When using an EQ filter, if you boast the low or lower mid-range frequencies
you can eliminate hiss.
you can add presence and richness to a voice.
you can simulate the sound of a voice on the phone.
The process of recording ambient sound effects in real time while watching your movie play on screen is called
To successfully sneak a piece of music out so no one notices it's gone, you'll need at least
a three-second dissolve.
Which of the following is NOT a job of the the music supervisor on a film?
writing original music.
Most big-budget films
devote 1.5 to 2.5 percent of their budget to a score.
Experienced foley artists
can do a decent pass on a feature film in one day.
A well-written film score
can add narrative structure and continuity.
If you learn that you have wind noise in your sound and the boom operator hit the mic a few times,
you can minimize it by reducing the low frequencies with EQ.
The number one task of mixing is
to establish the relative levels of all the elements in your mix
When you adjust the levels on all of your tracks, you should leave some headroom because
levels are likely to increase with the addition of EQ
Different mixers take different approaches, but it isn't critical which element you choose to start with because
you will be returning many times to each element in a mix.
There is a power curve to panning controls. This means
that sounds increase in volume as they move farther left or right
Which of the following is a consideration you should keep in mind as you EQ elements for your mixes?
All of the above would be considerations you should keep in mind as you EQ elements for your mixes
If you need subtle control of volume dynamics to even out performances and help them retain their presence throughout a mix you should use
The principal tool used to create or recreate ambience when mixing is
You should revise basic mix decisions such as level relationships using
The most flexible way of working with effects in Adobe Audition is by using
the effects rack.
An unprocessed signal is called
To reduce vocal sibilants
use the DeEsser.
When a small input signal increase produces a large output signal increase it's called
The tool that makes TV commercials sound louder than everything else is
restricts an audio signal's maximum output level.
If you need to even out level variations with narration, as well as reduce background noise with some signals, use
the speech volume leveler
If you need to brighten" muffled narration you should boost the treble using
If you need to get rid of "hum" in an audio file use
a notch filter.
To turn a single sound into what seems like an ensemble use
The effect popularized in the 1960s due to its "psychedelic" properties is the
Convolution reverb creates
realistic reverb space.
An advantage of the Studio Reverb is
that it works in real time.
____________ occurs by clipping a signal's peaks which creates harmonics.
The Vocal Enhancer effect is one of Audition's easiest effects to use because
it has only three options.
___________________ is the sound of rock and roll.
is part of the mastering process
On Star Wars and Apocalypse Now, directors George Lucas and Francis Ford Coppola
found the sound could shape the picture as much as the picture could shape the sound.
The way for a filmmaker to take advantage of sound is
to design the film with sound in mind.
A script is said to be "sound friendly"
because of the use of time, space, and point of view in the story
Serious consideration of the way sound will be used in the story is typically left up to
Production shots that will be printed and used are determined by
Almost everyone acknowledges that
production dialog is almost always superior in performance quality to ADR,
The audience experiences the action through
identification with characters.
The audience interprets sound
If a filmmaker wants to take sound seriously, which of the following must be addressed?
The desire exists to tell the story more-or-less through the point of view of one or more of the characters.
Locations have been chosen, and sets designed which don't rule out sound as a player, and in fact, encourage it.
There is not non-stop dialog.
When using a subjective shot from a very long or very short lens,
you can easily justify hearing sounds which may have very little to do with what you see in the frame.
Famous film editor and sound designer Walter Murch starts designing the sound for a film by
watching the images with no sound
Which of the following is NOT a job music, dialogue and sound effects can do?
design a set.
The process in which an actor listens to his/her original part on headphones in a recording studio and tries to match the original speech as closely as possible is called
If you load original reference dialogue into an Audition track, and then record the new dialogue into a second track, Audition can compare the new dialogue to the original and use a combination of stretching and alignment processes to match the new dialogue to the reference track. This process is called
automatic speech alignment.
Some studies have indicated that people who were shown videos with identical video quality but differing audio quality
judged the videos with better sound as having better video quality.
Most pop music is constructed
in groups of four measures
In Adobe Audition you can
edit audio to video.
It was the dream of Walter Murch
that sound would be taken as seriously as image.
The term sound designer
has come to be associated simply with using specialized equipment to make "special" sound effects.
Which of the following statements about sound is important for a filmmaker to remember?
Good sound has a life of its own, beyond utilitarian functions.
If you paste sound onto a predetermined structure, the result will almost always fall short of your hopes
You should encourage the sounds of the characters, the things, and the places in your film to inform your decisions in all the other film crafts.
These are all important things about sound that a filmmaker should remember.
The three act structure
is designed to keep your audience engaged and compelled to watch.
One of the biggest advantages of screenplay format is
that if done properly your script will average one minute of screen time per page.
Documentaries and reality television
are usually written in more of a journalistic style.
To make a realistic shooting schedule from your finished script, you need to
determine the resources you'll need for each scene.
determine the number of script pages you can shoot each day.
determine the available daylight and weather conditions.
determine all of the above.
Using Screen Actors Guild (SAG) actors
requires that you pay them a specific hourly rate, overtime and pension costs.
gives you a better range of actors to choose from.
requires an overwhelming amount of paperwork.
has all of the above advantages and disadvantages.
Which of the following digital frame rates is based on film?
When the horizontal scan lines of a video frame start at the top of the screen and work their way down to the bottom filling the screen entirely, the process is called
The smallest component of a video image is
The ratio of the width of an image to its height is called
the aspect ratio
Almost all of the sound that you record during your production is
When you shoot digital video, your camera keeps track of the time and assigns a number to every single frame that you record. The standardized professional method of doing this is called
The software that compresses large video files to a manageable size is called
Video cameras and televisions create color by
mixing red, green and blue light.
Many very high quality video formats throw out half the color information of the frame because
it is detail that the human eye cannot perceive.
Compression that uses keyframes to compress a video clip section by section is called
The greatest advantage to shooting raw media is
that you have more latitude for color grading and adjustments and you don't have to worry about compression artifacts.
Which two factors contribute most to a camera's image quality?
the camera's lens and chips used to create the image.
To accurately represent color, your camera
must be white balanced.
offer a sharper image than zoom lenses.
The most important camera feature for a serious digital filmmaker is
the ability to override the camera's default factory settings.
Some higher-end cameras have a display that will show you the areas of your image that are overexposed called
The distance from the lens to the camera's image sensor is called
When you boost the gain on a camera
video noise is introduced.
If you want to shoot a shallow depth of field
shoot in low light.
use neutral density filters.
use a longer lens
If you're shooting from one side of the 180° axis of a scene and you cross the line
you'll end up with shots that won't cut together
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