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80 terms

APUSH Exam Study

STUDY
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During the civil war women in the north
had new opportunities open to them in industry
The only major northern industry that suffered economic reversal during the civil war was
foreign shipping
During the civil war, the union
launched a new national banking system
To fill the army's demand for troops, the north relied mainly on
volunteers
As president of the confederacy, Jefferson Davis didn't exercise the arbitrary power wielded by lincoln because
of the souths emphasis on states rights
As a leader of the confederacy, Jefferson Davis
defied rather than led public opinion
The southern cause was weakened by
the concept of states rights that the confederacy confessed
During the civil war
relations between the US and Canada were at times very poor
France abandoned its attempts to control Mexico
because the US threatened to send soldiers to for France to leave
Napoleon III attempt to instill Maximillian on Mexican throne was a clear violation of
the Monroe Doctrine
The confederates most effective commerce raider was the
Alabama
Confederate commerce raiders such as the Alabama
proved effective against union shipping
During the civil war, diplomacy for the union and confederacy
was critical for both
During the civil war, Britain and the US were nearly provoked into war by
The Trent Affair, involving the removal of southern democrats
The south believed the British would come to its aid because
Britain was dependent on southern cotton
Supposed asset for the south at the beginning of the civil war that never materialized to its full advantage was
intervention from Britain and France
To find effective, high level commanders, the union
used trial and error
Northern soldiers eventually became known for their
discipline and determination
North's greatest strength in the civil war was
economy
The greatest weakness of the south was
economy
As the civil war began south seemed advantage of
more talented military leaders
To achieve its independence the confederacy had to
fight the invading union army to a draw
In return for support from plains Indians during the civil war
waged war on them and herded them into reserves
During the civil war most of the five civilized tribes in Indian territory of present day Oklahoma
supported the confederacy
Lincolns declaration of the north sought to preserve the union without slavery
revealed influence of border states on policies
In order to persuade border states to remain in the union, president Lincoln
declared martial law where needed
Confederate batteries fired on fort Sumter when it was learned that
Lincoln had ordered supplies sent to the fort
President Lincolns decision on what to do about the situation at fort Sumter can be best described as
cautious
European powers favored the civil war because
war would weaken US power in western hemisphere
The assassination of Abraham Lincoln
was a calamity for the south
General Ulysses S Grant's basic strategy in the civil war involved
assailing the enemy's army simultaneous and directly
The union armys victory in the capture of ____ was probably critical to lincolns re-election in 1864
Atlanta
In the 864 election the democratic party nominated ____ to oppose lincolns re-election
McClellan
In the 1864 election Abraham Lincolns running mate was
Andrew Johnson
Group in the north most dangerous to union cause was
northern peace democrats
In the election of 1864, republicans joined with pro-war democrats and created the ____ party
union
The Battle of Gettysburg was significant because
union victory meant southern cause was doomed
Robert E Lee decided to invade the North through Pennsylvania in order to
deliver a decisive blow that would strengthen the norther peace movement
The confederacy enlisted slaves into the army
a month before the war ended
African Americans who fought for the union in the civil war
were brave and suffered extremely heavy casualties
During the civil war
blacks were enlisted in the union army only after the emancipation proclamation
When issued in 1863, the emancipation proclamation declared only free slaves in
the states in rebellion
The emancipation proclamation had the effect of
strengthening the moral cause and diplomatic position of the union
Slavery was legally abolished in the US
by the 13th amendment
The northern victory at Antietam allowed lincoln to
issue the emancipation proclamation
The battle of Antietam was particularly critical because it
probably prevented intervention by British France on behalf of the confederacy
The two major battles of the civil war fought on union soil were
Gettysburg, Antietam
After halting Lee's troops at Antietam, General George McClellan
was removed from field command
Confederate blockade runner, the Merrimack, was
destroyed by confederate soldiers
Most alarming confederate threat to union blockade came from the
Iron clad ship, Merrimack
Britain didn't protest too loudly to unions naval blockade of confederacy because
Britain might want to use similar blockade in future war
As a result of confederate victory in the Peninsula campaign
union turned to strategy of total war
After the peninsula campaign union strategy included all of the following except
bypassing the confederate capital at Richmond
As a result of union loss in Peninsula Campaign
Lincoln began to draft the emancipation proclamation
After assuming command of Potomac Army, General George McClellan made the mistake of
consistently beleiving his enemy out numbered him
George McClellan is bes described as
cautious
Unions defeat at the battle of bull run in 1861 was better than victory because
defeat caused North to face up to a reality of a long and difficult war
The the civil war, south won the
battle of bull run
South victory at the battle of bull run in 1861
reduced enlistments in the souths army
At the beginning of the civil war, president Lincoln favored
quick military action to show folly of secession
Reconstruction might have been more successful if
Thadeus Stevens radical program of drastic economic reforms and stronger protection of political rights have been enacted
In 1867 Secretary of State Seward accomplished an endearing success in foreign affairs when he
purchased Alaska from Russia
Many feminist leaders were disappointed at the 14th amendment because
it failed to give women the right to vote
Radical congressional reconstruction of the south finally ended when
The last of the federal troops were removed in 1877
The 14th amendment
Prohibited ex-confederate leaders from holding public office
The 14th amendment guaranteed
citizenship to freed slaves
The first ex-confederate state to ratify the 14th amendment
Tennessee
One of the most troubling aspects of the southern states restoration of the union for congressional republicans was
the south would be stronger than ever in national politics
The black codes seemed to indicate that
the north really didn't win the war
The main purpose of the black codes were to
ensure a stable labor supply
President Johnson's plan for reconstruction
took away the right to vote from confederate leaders and wealthy planters
That the southern states were conquered provinces and therefore at the mercy of congress for readmission to the union was the view of
congressional republicans
As a politician Andrew Johnson developed as
a champion of the poor whites
In Johnson's view the Freedman's bureau was
an agency that should be killed
The south viewed the freedman's bureau as
a meddlesome agency that threatened to upset white racial dominance
the greatest achievements of the freedman's bureau were in
education
In 165 southern blacks often began
traveling to test freedom, search for family members, and search for economic opportunities
Freedom for southern blacks at the end of the civil war
came haltingly and unevenly in different parts of the conquered confederacy
the post war south
economy was utterly devastated
The fate of the confederate leaders after 1865 was that
all were eventually pardoned