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Chapter 25 test review
Terms in this set (36)
What did the 1980s reports on education show about US schools?
Showed we were falling behind other countries
Who is Sandra Day O'Connor? Why is she important?
She was a lawyer and later a Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. She was the first woman to be a justice on the Supreme Court.
Who was the first US African American governor in the 1990s?
L. Douglas Wilder
What nation did Iraq invade in 1990?
What is an entitlement program?
A government program that guarantees and provides benefits to a specific group.
How did many people view affirmative action?
They viewed it as a form of reverse discrimination.
What is the argument behind pay equity for women?
Many women worked in the work place and wanted to close the income gap that left many of them poor.
Who was Geraldine Ferraro?
She was the first woman to appear on a major party presidential ticket. She was a congresswoman running for Vice President with Walter Modale.
What were the 2 domestic policies instituted in the Soviet Union?
Glasnost and Perestroika
What is the name of the family who controlled Nicaragua for over 42 years?
The Somoza Family
Who was the American leader in the Persian Gulf War?
H. Norman Schwarzkopf
What was the name of the group founded by Jerry Falwell and what did they believe?
Moral Majority and they believe in preserving the christian conception of moral law. They believed their conception represented most Americans' opinions.
Who is Reagan?
He was governor of California and later the president of the US in 1980.
A disease that became a troubling health problem in the 1980s
Latino woman appointed by President Bush as the surgeon general of the US?
Who is Gorbachev?
1) He became the general secretary of the communist party in the Soviet Union in 1985
2) Tried to move to a more democratic government.
Who did Reagan's administration support in Nicaragua?
Where did the Tiananmen Square protest occur?
Where did Reagan spend the most money during his terms of office?
On the military
Who is Manuel Antonio Noriega?
Was put into power by the CIA in the 1960s and later overthrown by US troops and tried for drug trafficking.
What was another name for the Star Wars program?
Strategic Defense Initiative
What did Reagan's economic policy depend on?
What is affirmative action?
A policy that seeks to correct the effects of past discrimination by favoring the groups who were previously disadvantaged.
Which agency did Reagan cut back on?
Who is George Bush?
He was Reagan's VP who was elected president in 1988?
Define Operation Desert Storm
A military operation to liberate Kuwait from Iraq
A policy initiated by Gorbachev that called for more openness with the nations of the west.
A policy initiated by Gorbachev that involved restructuring of the economy and the government instituted in the Soviet Union in the 1980s.
Who was the moral majority?
The Moral majority was a political alliance of religious groups that condemned liberal attitudes, behavior and raised money for conservative candidates.
Who is Lauro Cavazos?
He was a Latino appointed by Bush to be the Secretary of Education.
Which group of Americans were allowed to open casinos to make money during the Reagan administration?
Who were some of the individuals involved in the conservative movement in the US?
Televangelists Jerry Falwell and Pat Robertson. Falwell created the moral majority.
Who were some of the groups and institutions involved in the conservative involved in the conservative movement in the US?
Business people, southerners, westerners, Reagan democrats
Briefly describe Bush's domestic policy.
Not very successful, raised deficits and a recession that began in 1999 and lasted through 1997, weak economy and tax hike.
What caused the end of the Cold War?
Failure of the Soviet Union Economy, glasnost and perestroika (Gorbachev kept creating new policies that made people want out), people couldn't keep up with the money.
What were 2 of the 4 factions that contributed to Ronald Reagan's victory?
1)He was a great communicator,
2)he had an acting career,
3)long experience in the public eye,
4)he was relaxed, charming and affable.
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