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43 terms

cardiovascular/pulmonary functions

STUDY
PLAY
____meter objectifies an individuals general activity
pedometer
major cause of preventable death
smoking
quality of life/social participation is dependent on
ability to perform activities/physiologic functions
ICF stands for
international classification of functioning
people are developing co morbidities in early life due to
injurious lifestyles
Aging changes in cardiopulmonary system and function
airways, lung, respirtatory muscles, chest wall, alveolar capillary membrane
How does aging affect airways
1 decreases amount of ____ and increase in ____
2. medium and small airways see decrease in___
3.increase in ____
1. elastic tissue and increase in fibrous tissue
2. elasticity
3. compliance
how does aging affect lungs
1. loss of normal recoil causes uneven distribution of ____, airway ____, air ____, and impaired ___ exchange
2. _____ in alveolar surface area
1. ventilation, closure, trapping, gas
2. decrease
how does aging affect alveolar capillary membrane
1. loss of ability to diffuse ____
1. oxygen
how does aging affect the chest wall
1. joints in ____ become more rigid
2. cartlidge becomes ____
3. 3 dimensional motion of chest wall during respiratory cycle is
1. thorax
2. calcified
3. diminished
Respiratory changes with aging
1.loss of respiratory muscle ____ reduction in skeletal muscle mass
2. loss of abdominal muscle strength reduces force of
3. this contributes to
1. parallels
2. coughing
3. aspiration
Net effect of age related cardiopulmonary changes
1.increase in ____resistance and ____ compliance
2. ____ and ____ exchange become less efficient
1. airflow resistance and lung
2. lung and gas exchange
age related changes in cardiovascular system (heart electrical)
1. ____ system's frequency and regularity may become ___
2. pacemakers are implanted when
3. electrocardiographic irregularities common in 65+ (3)
1.conduction system
2. medications cannot stabilize or regulate
3. premature ventricular contractions, heart blocks, atrial fibrillation
heart changes (mechanical)
1. heart ____ less effectively with age
2.artrioventricular valves and pulmonary/systemic circulations lose ____
3. heart tissue becomes ____
4. the progressive deposition of amyloid protein
1.pumps
2.integrity
3. fattier
4. amyloidosis
Blood vessel changes
1. efficiency of _____ behavior can be expected to reduce
2. reponsiveness to neurohumoral transmitters is ____/_____
1. contractile
2. less rapid/pronounced
Blood changes
1. ability to move blood and rapidity which these changes can be effected is
1 reduced
net effects of age-related cardiovascular changes
1.increase in metabolic demand for ____, reduced capacity for ____ transport at rest
1. oxygen, oxygen
activities with low metabolic demand are ____ for older adults
physically demanding
cardiopulmonary disease is prevalent in older adults (t.f)
true
some chronic airflow limitations (3)
asthma, emphysema, chronic bronchitis
lung capacity isnt changed; changes impair efficiency of ____ mechanics
respiratory
monitoring vital signs is essential during prescribed exercise (tf)
true
degenerative disease of the arterial vasculature, especially large arteries
atherosclerosis
physical factors that challenge the ability to maintain or increase cardiac output (think gravity) 3
1. position change
2. activity/exercise
3.emotional stress
Reduction in gravitational stress and exercise stress contributes to physiological ______ and susceptibility to ____
deterioration and illness
ability to maintain normal cardiac output during the upright position
orthostatism
from recumbent to upright position..
heart rate/peripheral vascular resistance _____
_____/_____ may ensue if blood compensation is not met
increase
blackout/faintness
only means to prevent orthostatic intolerane is to assume the
upright position
cardiovascular system includes
heart, arteries, viens, blood
viens carry ____
arteries carry____
blood to heart
blood away from heart
factors that control cardiovasc health
exercise, medicine, diet, lifestyles
uncontrollable factors of cardiovasc health
age, ethnicity, gender, genes
eustress
good stress
distress
bad stress
cardiovasc related diseases
hypertension (high blood pressure)
diabetes, cerbreal vascular accident/incident (stroke)
myocardial infarct (heart attack)
angina
copd (chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder)
conjestive heart failure (chf)
high chloresterol
3 factors of cholesterol
HDL
LDL
Triglicerides
Arteriosclerosis
stiffining of arteries
pulmonary system
lungs, viens, bronchial tubes, oxygen
pulmonary related disease
copd, asthma, cancer, emphyseme, tuberculosis, black lung
we assess older adults to determine the
level of care
assessments through (2)
adl
IADL
Adl =
activities of daily living
IADL
Instrumental activity of daily living